E-MTAB-5493 - Time-series RNA-seq experiment performed on 10 melanoma cell lines treated with BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib
Submitted on 29 August 2016, last updated on 12 June 2019, released on 22 June 2019
BRAF targeted drug vemurafenib have shown very good clinical benefit in melanoma patient containing BRAF V600E mutation. However, resistance always occurs in patient. Early stage of the resistance development require the tumor cell adapted to the targeted drug. We are trying to study the kinetic of melanoma cell adaptation towards vemurafenib. 10 melanoma cell lines with BRAF mutation are treated with targeted therapy vemurafenib. RNA-seq samples are collected after drug treatment for different time (day3 and day21) to compare with DMSO-treated control samples for each cell line. Except innate resistant cell line M381, all other cell lines shows inhibition of proliferation. However, a small cluster of cell lines (M397, M229 and M263) shows some other unique transcriptomic change. For cell line M397, M229 and M263, we also collected the RNA-seq data for long-term (73day/90day) drug treatment condition where the cells developed resistance to vemurafenib treatment. Dedifferentiation is enriched in these unique transcriptomic change within these 3 cell lines. Similar cell state dedifferentiation phenomenon is also reported to cause resistance towards immunotherpay where the resistant de-differentiated melanoma cells are induced by TNF which is secreted by tumor-infiltrating T cells. We also treat our cultured melanoma cells with TNF and collected the treated sample for RNA-seq experiment.
RNA-seq of coding RNA, compound treatment design