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E-GEOD-78976 - Genome-wide chromatin binding of Elk1 and Gli2 in chemical induced neural reprogramming
Released on 15 May 2016, last updated on 22 May 2016
Cellular reprogramming using chemically defined conditions, without genetic manipulation, is a promising approach for generating clinically relevant cell types for regenerative medicine and drug discovery. However, small molecule-driven approaches for inducing lineage-specific stem cells from somatic cells across lineage boundaries have been challenging to develop. Here, we report highly efficient reprogramming of mouse fibroblasts into induced neural stem cell-like cells (ciNSLCs) using a cocktail of nine small molecules (M9). The resulting ciNSLCs closely resemble primary neural stem cells molecularly and functionally. Transcriptome analysis revealed that M9 induces a gradual and specific conversion of fibroblasts towards a neural fate. During reprogramming specific transcription factors such as Elk1 and Gli2 that are downstream of M9-induced signaling pathways bind and activate endogenous master neural genes to specify neural identity. Our study therefore provides an effective chemical approach for generating neural stem cells from mouse fibroblasts, and reveals mechanistic insights into underlying reprogramming process. Genome-wide binding of Elk1 and Gli2 was analyzed by CHIP-seq for tdMEFs from day 0 (ciNSLC), day 4 (D4), day 8 (D8) of M9-induced neural reprogramming, and ciNSLCs and pri-NPC.
Sheng Ding <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Jiashun Zheng, Mingliang Zhang