E-GEOD-7579 - Transcription profiling of human erythroid progenitor cells treated with thryroid hormone

Released on 18 October 2008, last updated on 2 May 2014
Homo sapiens
Samples (13)
Array (1)
Protocols (16)
Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) represent important regulators of development, homeostasis, cell proliferation and differentiation. Here we investigated the impact of thyroid hormone (T3) on growth and differentiation of human red blood cells. T3 was found to effectively accelerate differentiation of SCF/Epo dependent red cell progenitors in vitro concomitantly with inducing growth arrest. This T3 activity was further enhanced by 9-cis retinoic acid (9cRA) that activates retinoid X receptor (RXR), the obligate heterodimeric partner of TR. To identify molecular targets for T3 activity in red cells, we employed a genome wide approach with DNA microarrays. We demonstrate that T3 and 9cRA induces specific gene expression patterns of up-or down-regulated genes, including ALAD and GATA-2, respectively. This study also revealed gene clusters, indicating accelerated differentiation in response to treatment. Mining for T3 induced genes identified BTEB1 (KLF9) and GAR22 as TR target genes. BTEB1/ KLF9 (basic transcription element binding protein 1/ Krüppel-like factor 9) is a known TR target gene. GAR22 (growth arrest specific 2 (GAS2)-related gene on chromosome 22), initially found as a putative tumor suppressor gene, was induced by T3 also in the presence of cycloheximide, identifying it as a direct target of TR. Thus, our study uncovers novel targets of TR action with a potential function in T3 induced differentiation and growth arrest of red cell progenitors. Experiment Overall Design: 13 hybridizations in two individual experiments. Experiment Overall Design: Experiment 1: Experiment Overall Design: 1_SCF/Epo, 1_Epo/insulin(8h), 1_Epo/insulin(24h), 1_Epo/insulin(48h) Experiment Overall Design: Experiment 2: Experiment Overall Design: 2_SCF/Epo, 2_Epo/insulin(8h), 2_Epo/insulin(24h), 2_Epo/insulin(48h) Experiment Overall Design: 2_Epo/insulin+T3(8h), 2_Epo/insulin+9cRA(8h) Experiment Overall Design: 2_Epo/insulin+T3+9cRA(8h), , 2_Epo/insulin+T3+9cRA(24h), 2_Epo/insulin+T3+9cRA(48h)
Experiment types
 transcription profiling by array, unknown experiment type
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-7579.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-7579.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)E-GEOD-7579.raw.1.zip
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-7579.processed.1.zip
Experiment designE-GEOD-7579.biosamples.png, E-GEOD-7579.biosamples.svg
Array designA-AFFY-1.adf.txt
R ExpressionSetE-GEOD-7579.eSet.r