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E-GEOD-75673 - Natural diversity in pentose fermentation is explained by variations in histone deacetylases
Released on 4 December 2015, last updated on 12 December 2015
The extent to which carbon flux is directed towards fermentation vs. respiration differs between cell types and environmental conditions. Understanding the basic cellular processes governing carbon flux is challenged by the complexity of the metabolic and regulatory networks. To reveal the genetic basis for natural diversity in channeling carbon flux, we applied Quantitative Trait Loci analysis by phenotyping and genotyping hundreds of individual F2 segregants of budding yeast that differ in their capacity to ferment the pentose sugar xylulose. Causal alleles were mapped to the RXT3 and PHO23 genes, two components of the large Rpd3 histone deacetylation complex. We show that these allelic variants modulate the expression of SNF1/AMPK-dependent respiratory genes. Our results suggest that over close evolutionary distances, diversification of carbon flow is driven by changes in global regulators, rather than adaptation of specific metabolic nodes. Such regulators may improve the ability to direct metabolic fluxes for biotechnological applications. mRNA profiles of S. cerevisiae strain BY4741 with either the RXT3 or PHO23 genes either deleted, replaced by S. cerevisiae T73 allele or replaced by S. cerevisiae PHO23 allele
RNA-seq of coding RNA
Zvi Tamari <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Naama Barkai