E-GEOD-60572 - Systems Analysis of a RIG-I Agonist Inducing Broad Spectrum Inhibition of Virus Infectivity [comparison]
Released on 21 August 2014, last updated on 26 August 2014
The RIG-I like receptor pathway is stimulated during RNA virus infection by interaction between cytosolic RIG-I and viral RNA structures that contain short hairpin dsRNA and 5’ triphosphate (5’ppp) terminal structure. In the present study, an RNA agonist of RIG-I was synthesized in vitro and shown to stimulate RIG-I-dependent antiviral responses at concentrations in the picomolar range. In human lung epithelial A549 cells, 5’pppRNA specifically stimulated multiple parameters of the innate antiviral response, including IRF3, IRF7 and STAT1 activation, andinduction of inflammatory and interferon stimulated genes - hallmarks of a fully functional antiviral response. Evaluation of the magnitude and duration of gene expression by transcriptional profiling identified a robust, sustained and diversified antiviral and inflammatory response characterized by enhanced pathogen recognition and interferon (IFN)signaling. Bioinformatics analysis further identified a transcriptional signature uniquely induced by 5’pppRNA, and not by IFNα-2bthat included a constellation of IRF7 and NF-kB target genes capable of mobilizing multiple arms of the innate and adaptive immune response. Treatment of primary PBMCs or lung epithelial A549 cells with 5’pppRNA provided significant protection against a spectrum of RNA and DNA viruses. In C57Bl/6 mice, intravenous administration of 5’pppRNA protected animals from a lethal challenge with H1N1 Influenza, reduced virus titers in mouse lungs and protected animals from virus-induced pneumonia. Strikingly, the RIG-I-specific transcriptional response afforded partial protection from influenza challenge, even in the absence of type I interferon signaling. This systems approach providestranscriptional, biochemical, and in vivo analysis of the antiviral efficacy of 5’pppRNA and highlights the therapeutic potential associated with the use of RIG-I agonists as broad spectrum antiviral agents. A549 cells were either non-treated, treated with RNAiMax only, transfected with 5'pppRNA, or treated with IFNa-2b and analysed at 6h or 24h.
transcription profiling by array
Alain Lamarre, Andrew Smith, David Olagnier, Elias K Haddad, Erin I Lafferty, John Hiscott, Khader Ghneim, Marie-Line Goulet, Marilene Paquet, Mark Cameron, Meztli Arguello, Peter Wilkinson, Rafick P Sekaly, Rongtuan Lin, S M Belgnaoui, Salman Qureshi, Siddharth Balachandran, Stephanie Richards, Suraj Peri, Suzanne Paz, Ulrich Kalinke, Valérie Janelle, Zhengyun Xu
Systems analysis of a RIG-I agonist inducing broad spectrum inhibition of virus infectivity. Goulet ML, Olagnier D, Xu Z, Paz S, Belgnaoui SM, Lafferty EI, Janelle V, Arguello M, Paquet M, Ghneim K, Richards S, Smith A, Wilkinson P, Cameron M, Kalinke U, Qureshi S, Lamarre A, Haddad EK, Sekaly RP, Peri S, Balachandran S, Lin R, Hiscott J. , Europe PMC 23633948