Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-52172 - Transcriptional approach to study porcine tracheal epithelial cells individually or dually infected with swine influenza virus and Streptococcus suis
Released on 1 May 2014, last updated on 3 June 2014
Background: Swine influenza is a highly contagious viral infection in pigs affecting the respiratory tract that can have significant economic impacts. Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is one of the most important post-weaning bacterial pathogens in swine causing different infections, including pneumonia. Both pathogens are important contributors to the porcine respiratory disease complex. Outbreaks of swine influenza virus with a significant level of co-infections due to S. suis have lately been reported. In order to analyze a global response to the dual infection, we carried out a comprehensive gene expression profiling using a microarray approach to study the swine tracheal epithelial (NPTr) cell response to a co-infection with H1N1 swine influenza virus (swH1N1) and S. suis serotype 2. Results: Gene clustering showed that the swH1N1 and swH1N1/S. suis infections modified the expression of genes in a similar manner. Additionally, infection of NPTr cells by S. suis alone did not result in many differentially expressed genes compared to mock-infected cells. However, some important genes coding for inflammatory mediators, such as chemokines, interleukins, cell adhesion molecules and eicosanoids, were significantly upregulated in the presence of both pathogens comparing to infection with each pathogen taken individually. This synergy may also be the consequence of an increased adhesion/invasion of epithelial cells previously infected by swH1N1, as recently reported. Conclusion: In a co-infection situation, influenza virus would replicate in the respiratory epithelium inducing an inflammatory infiltrate comprised of mononuclear cells and neutrophils. Despite that these cells are unable to phagocyte and kill S. suis, they are highly activated by this pathogen. S. suis is not considered a primary pulmonary pathogen, but an exacerbated production of pro-inflammatory mediators during a co-infection with influenza virus may be of critical importance in the pathogenesis and outcome of this respiratory disease complex. Total RNA obtained from NPTr cells infected with S. suis, H1N1, or S. suis & H1N1. Four replicates in both groups.
transcription profiling by array
Carl Gagnon, Christian Savard, Claude Lachance, Daniel Grenier, Marcelo Gottschalk, Mariela Segura, Yingchao Wang, Yuan Dang