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E-GEOD-45832 - KB001-Gene expression profiling of histiocytic sarcomas in a canine model: the predisposed Flatcoated retriever dog
Released on 7 August 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Canis lupus familiaris
Background: The determination of altered expression of genes in specific tumor types and their effect upon cellular processes may create insight in tumorigenesis and help to design better treatments. The Flatcoated retriever is a dog breed with an exceptionally high incidence of histiocytic sarcomas. The breed develops two distinct entities of histiocytic neoplasia, a soft tissue form and a visceral form. Gene expression studies of these tumors has value for comparable human diseases such as histiocytic/dendritic cell sarcoma for which knowledge is difficult to accrue due to their rare occurrence. In addition, such studies may help in the search for genetic aberrations underlying the genetic predisposition in this dog breed. Methods: Microarray analysis and pathway analyses were performed on fresh-frozen tissues obtained from Flatcoated retrievers with localized, soft tissue histiocytic sarcomas (STHS) and disseminated, visceral histiocytic sarcomas (VHS) and on normal canine spleens from various breeds. Expression differences of nine genes were validated with quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analyses. Results: QPCR analyses identified the significantly altered expression of nine genes; PPBP, SpiC, VCAM1, ENPEP, ITGAD (down-regulated), and GTSF1, Col3a1, CD90 and LUM (up-regulated) in the comparison of both the soft tissue and the visceral form with healthy spleen. DAVID pathway analyses revealed 24 pathways that were significantly involved in the development of HS in general, most of which were involved in the DNA repair and replication process. Conclusions: This study identified altered expression of nine genes not yet implicated in histiocytic sarcoma manifestations in the dog nor in comparable human histiocytic/dendritic sarcomas. Extraploration of this downside effect of canine inbreeding strategies for the study of similar sarcomas in humans might also lead to the identification of genes related to these rare malignancies in the human. Microarray expression dataset including STHS: Soft Tissue (localized) Histiocytic Sarcoma; VHS: Visceral (disseminated)Histiocytic Sarcoma; together with normal spleen (NS) samples. Comparisons were analysed in dyeswap on a 2-color platform against a common reference sample, consisting of a multitude of canine organs, including liver, spleen, kidney, lung, hart, intestine and bone.
transcription profiling by array
Marian Groot Koerkamp <M.J.A.GrootKoerkamp@umcutrecht.nl>, Dik van Leenen, Erik A Wiemer, Frank G van Steenbeek, Gerard R Rutteman, Guy C Grinwis, Kim M. Boerkamp, Louis C Penning, Marian G Koerkamp, Marieke van der Kooij, Monique E van Wolferen