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E-GEOD-40115 - Classifications within Molecular Subtypes Enables Identification of BRCA1/BRCA2 Mutation Carriers by RNA Tumor Profiling

Status
Released on 28 June 2013, last updated on 2 June 2014
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (550)
Arrays (2)
Protocols (7)
Description
Pathogenic germline mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 are detected in less than one third of families with a strong history of breast cancer. It is therefore expected that mutations still remain undetected by currently used screening methods. In addition, a growing number of BRCA1/2 sequence variants of unclear pathogen significance are found in the families, constituting an increasing clinical challenge. New methods are therefore needed to improve the detection rate and aid the interpretation of the clinically uncertain variants. In this study we analyzed a series of 33 BRCA1, 22 BRCA2, and 128 sporadic tumors by RNA profiling to investigate the classification potential of RNA profiles to predict BRCA1/2 mutation status. We found that breast tumors from BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers display characteristic RNA expression patterns, allowing them to be distinguished from sporadic tumors. The majority of BRCA1 tumors were basal-like while BRCA2 tumors were mainly luminal B. Using RNA profiles, we were able to distinguish BRCA1 tumors from sporadic tumors among basal-like tumors with 83% accuracy and BRCA2 from sporadic tumors among luminal B tumors with 89% accuracy. Furthermore, subtype-specific BRCA1/2 gene signatures were successfully validated in two independent data sets with high accuracies. Although additional validation studies are required, indication of BRCA1/2 involvement (“BRCAness”) by RNA profiling could potentially be valuable as a tool for distinguishing pathogenic mutations from benign variants, for identification of undetected mutation carriers, and for selecting patients sensitive to new therapeutics such as PARP inhibitors. Gene expression profiling of 183 breast tumor samples. Breast tumors from hereditary breast cancer patients carrying a pathogenic BRCA1 (n=33) or BRCA2 (n=22) germ-line mutation were included in the study. Serving as a representative control group, primary breast tumor samples (n=128) were randomly selected. The study was conducted using Agilent-029949 Custom SurePrint G3 Human GE 8x60K Microarray platform. For cross-platform validation, a subset of the tumor samples (92 of the 183 samples) were analyzed by our in-house spotted microarray platform.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Contacts
Martin Jakob Larsen <martin.larsen@ouh.regionsyddanmark.dk>, Anne E Lykkesfeldt, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Anne-Vibeke Lænkholm, Bent Ejlertsen, Kristina P Sørensen, Mads Thomassen, Martin Bak, Martin J Larsen, Qihua Tan, Thomas O Hansen, Torben A Kruse
Citation
Classifications within Molecular Subtypes Enables Identification of BRCA1/BRCA2 Mutation Carriers by RNA Tumor Profiling. Larsen MJ, Kruse TA, Tan Q, L�nkholm AV, Bak M, Lykkesfeldt AE, S�rensen KP, Hansen TV, Ejlertsen B, Gerdes AM, Thomassen M. , PMID:23704984
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