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E-GEOD-31348 - Tuberculosis patients blood gene expression through treatment

Released on 9 August 2012, last updated on 17 July 2020
Homo sapiens
Samples (135)
Array (1)
Protocols (8)
Background Accurate assessment of treatment efficacy would facilitate clinical trials of new anti-tuberculosis drugs. TB patients exhibit altered peripheral immunity which reverts during successful treatment. We hypothesised that these changes could be observed in whole blood transcriptome profiles. Methods Ex vivo blood samples from 27 pulmonary TB patients were assayed at diagnosis and during conventional treatment. RNA was processed and hybridised to Affymetrix GeneChips, to determine expression of over 47,000 transcripts. Findings There were significant changes in expression of over 4,000 genes during treatment. Rapid, large scale changes were detected, with down-regulated expression of ~1,000 genes within the first week, including inflammatory markers such as the complement components C1q and C2. This was followed by slower changes in expression of different networks of genes, including a later increase in expression of B cell markers, transcription factors and signalling molecules. Interpretation The expression of many genes is drastically altered during TB disease, with components of the humoral immune response being markedly affected. The treatment-induced restoration reflects the simultaneous suppression and activation of different immune responses in TB. The rapid initial down-regulation of expression of inflammatory mediators coincides with rapid killing of actively dividing bacilli, whereas slower delayed changes occur as drugs act on dormant bacilli and as lung pathology resolves. Measurement of biosignatures during clinical trials of new drugs could be useful predictors of rapid bactericidal or sterilizing drug activity. Ex vivo blood samples analysed for 27 first episode pulmonary TB patients, at diagnosis and after 1, 2, 4 and 26 weeks of treatment.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Jackie Cliff <>, Elizabeth L King, Gerhard Walzl, Hazel M Dockrell, Jacqueline M Cliff, Jang-Eun Cho, Ji-Sook Lee, Katharina Ronacher, Ken Duncan, Nicholas Constantinou, Paul D Van Helden, Pauline T Lukey, Taane G Clark
Distinct phases of blood gene expression pattern through tuberculosis treatment reflect modulation of the humoral immune response. Cliff JM, Lee JS, Constantinou N, Cho JE, Clark TG, Ronacher K, King EC, Lukey PT, Duncan K, Van Helden PD, Walzl G, Dockrell HM. , PMID:22872737