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E-GEOD-26682 - MRE11 Deficiency Increases Sensitivity to Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibition in Microsatellite Unstable Colorectal Cancers

Status
Released on 7 April 2011, last updated on 27 March 2012
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (331)
Arrays (2)
Protocols (7)
Description
We have performed bioinformatic approaches to identify the level of enrichment between gene expression profiles characterizing MSI tumors and gene changes induced in vitro by the PARP-1 inhibitor Phenanthridinone and others using the Connectivity Map tool. In a first step, we have anyzed the expression of 300 colorectal cancers from the MECC study and generated a gene expression signature by microsatellite status. The criteria followed for selection of probe sets and detailed lists to be submitted subsequently to the Connectivity Map have been published previously by us in Clinical Cancer Research in 2009. In a second step, once we observed that deficiency in MRE11 exist among MSI tumors, our interest was focused on assessing if the homologous recombination pathway showed evidence of deregulation in MSI tumors. Therefore, we examined the expression levels of those genes integrated in the KEGG pathway hsa03440 using the previously generated gene expression data set. The dataset generated from our samples included a total of 300 colorectal fresh frozen tumors collected from the MECC study and were analyzed in two batches. The first batch was hybridized to the Affymetrix U133A chip and the second one to U133 Plus 2.0 (Supplementary Table S3). The final list of probe sets defining gene expression of MSI-H compared to MSS tumors was selected based on the strength of multiplicity adjusted P-values (cut-off P-value of < 0.001) and ratio of mean expression values across the two groups (cut-off Fold-change >1.3 and <0.7). It contained 442 upregulated and 480 downregulated probe sets. Then, MSI-H tumors present with changes in gene expression related to the homologous recombination pathway. Therefore, we examined the expression levels of those genes integrated in the KEGG pathway hsa03440 using the same data set. A total of 14 genes out of 30 were significantly differentially expressed in MSI-H compared to MSS tumors (Multiplicity adjusted Benjamini-Hochberg P-value<0.05). MRE11 and RAD50 probe sets showed a lower expression in MSI-H tumors and simultaneously other probe sets such as PARP-1 were significantly upregulated, probably secondary to the deficiency in the MRN complex proteins. This data provides evidence of significant differential expression of the homologous recombination pathway in MSI tumors.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Contacts
Bhramar Mukherjee, Catherine M Bartnik, Eduardo Vilar, Gad Rennert, Jaeil Ahn, Leon Raskin, Maria D Iniesta, Meredith A Morgan, Stephanie L Stenzel, Stephen B Gruber, Victor Moreno
Citation
MRE11 Deficiency Increases Sensitivity to Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibition in Microsatellite Unstable Colorectal Cancers. Vilar E, Bartnik CM, Stenzel SL, Raskin L, Ahn J, Moreno V, Mukherjee B, Iniesta MD, Morgan MA, Rennert G, Gruber SB. , PMID:21300766
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