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E-GEOD-25454 - Global changes in Staphylococcus aureus gene expression in human blood provide insight into mechanisms of immune evasion and virulence

Released on 25 August 2011, last updated on 6 September 2011
Staphylococcus aureus
Samples (80)
Array (1)
Protocols (9)
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of bloodstream infections worldwide. In the United States, many of these infections are caused by a strain known as USA300. Although progress has been made, our understanding of the S. aureus molecules that promote bacteremia and survival in human blood is incomplete. To that end, we analyzed the USA300 transcriptome during culture in human blood, human serum, and trypticase soy broth (TSB), a standard laboratory culture media. Notably, genes encoding several cytolytic toxins were up-regulated in human blood over time, and hlgA, hlgB, and hlgC (encoding gamma-hemolysin subunits HlgA, HlgB, and HlgC) were among the most highly up-regulated genes at all time points. Culture supernatants derived from a USA300 isogenic hlgABC-deletion strain (LACΔhlgABC) had significantly reduced capacity to form pores in human neutrophils and ultimately cause neutrophil lysis. Compared with the wild-type USA300 strain (LAC), LACΔhlgABC had modestly reduced ability to cause mortality in a mouse bacteremia model. On the other hand, wild-type and LACΔhlgABC strains caused virtually identical disease in a mouse skin infection model, and bacterial survival and neutrophil lysis after phagocytosis in vitro was similar between these strains. Comparison of the cytolytic capacity of culture supernatants from wild-type and isogenic deletion strains lacking hlgABC, lukS/F-PV (encoding PVL), and/or lukDE revealed significant functional redundancy among two-component leukotoxins in vitro. These findings may explain in part the apparent limited contribution of any single two-component leukotoxin to USA300 immune evasion and virulence. S. aureus strain USA300 transcriptome during culture in human blood, human serum, and trypticase soy broth (TSB): time course.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Dan Sturdevant <>, Adam D Kennedy, Adeline R Whitney, Binh A Diep, Daniel E Sturdevant, Duncan W Shabb, Frank R DeLeo, Henry F Chambers, Kevin R Braughton, Michael Otto, Natalia Malachowa, Scott D Kobayashi
Global changes in Staphylococcus aureus gene expression in human blood. Malachowa N, Whitney AR, Kobayashi SD, Sturdevant DE, Kennedy AD, Braughton KR, Shabb DW, Diep BA, Chambers HF, Otto M, DeLeo FR. , PMID:21525981
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-25454.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-25454.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)
Processed data (1)
Array designA-GEOD-8069.adf.txt
R ExpressionSetE-GEOD-25454.eSet.r