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E-GEOD-25264 - Chemokine Transcripts as Targets of the RNA-Binding Protein HuR in Human Airway Epithelium
Submitted on 10 November 2010, released on 10 November 2010, last updated on 10 June 2011
HuR is a regulator of mRNA turnover or translation of inflammatory genes through binding to adenylate-uridylate-rich elements (ARE) and related motifs present in the 3’untranslated region (UTR) of mRNAs. We aimed to identify HuR targets in the human airway epithelial cell line BEAS-2B challenged with TNFa plus IFNg, a strong stimulus for inflammatory epithelial responses. Ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes from resting and cytokine-treated cells were immunoprecipitated (IP) using anti-HuR and isotype-control antibody, and eluted mRNAs were reverse-transcribed and hybridized to an inflammatory-focused gene array. The chemokines CCL2, CCL8, CXCL1 and CXCL2 ranked highest among 27 signaling and inflammatory genes significantly enriched in the HuR RNP-IP from stimulated cells over the control IP. Among these, 20 displayed published HuR binding motifs. Association of HuR with the four endogenous chemokine mRNAs was validated by single-gene RNP-IP, and shown to be 3’UTR-dependent by biotin pull-down assay. Cytokine treatment increased mRNA stability only for CCL2 and CCL8, and transient silencing and overexpression of HuR affected only CCL2 and CCL8 expression in primary and transformed epithelial cells. Cytokine-induced CCL2 mRNA was predominantly cytoplasmic; conversely, CXCL1 mRNA remained mostly nuclear and unaffected, as CXCL2, by changes in HuR levels. Increase in cytoplasmic HuR and HuR target expression partially relied on the inhibition of AMP-dependent kinase, a negative regulator of HuR nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. We postulate that HuR critically regulates the epithelial response, by associating with multiple adenylate-uridylate-rich elements (ARE)-bearing, functionally related inflammatory transcripts. On the basis of genome-wide studies probing the relationship between RNA-binding proteins and the functional profile of their associated transcripts, we combined the specific HuR immunoprecipitation of RNPs and the genome-scale microarray to profile the target mRNAs of HuR in the human airway epithelial cell line BEAS-2B challenged with very strong inflammatory stimulation, TNFa plus IFNG. The array platform we used is the Human Autoimmune and Inflammatory Response Gene Array (SuperArray Bioscience, Frederick, MD). To validate the association of HuR and its target mRNAs, we planned to apply biotin pull-down assay. HuR overexpression and knockdown assays were also planned to further verify the association of HuR and its target mRNAs. Overall, we did three biological replicates for the IP array experiments, which include both IgG1 control IP and HuR IP arrays.
transcription profiling by array
Jinshui Fan <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Allen Myers, Chris Cheadle, Cristiana Stellato, Faoud T Ishmael, Myriam Gorospe, Shau-Ku Huang, Ulus Atasoy, Xi Fang