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  • ArrayExpress help and Expression Atlas help provide an up-to-date guide on making the most out of the two databases.
  • Ensembl is a genome databases for vertebrates and other eukaryotic species.
  • Uniprot is a resource for protein sequence and functional information.
  • GEO is a public functional genomics data repository at the NCBI.
  • Interpro is a database used for the classification and automatic annotation of proteins and genomes.
  • Gene Ontology is a project which provides an ontology of defined terms representing gene product properties.
  • Europe PubMed Central (PMC) is a literature resource providing access to all PubMed abstracts, Europe PMC full text articles, patent abstracts and many more.


  • Functional genomics: methods and protocols by Michael J. Brownstein, Arkady B. Khodursky. Humana Press.
  • Computational text analysis for functional genomics and bioinformatics by Soumya Raychaudhuri. Oxford University Press.
  • Bioinformatics and functional genomics by Jonathan Pevsner. Wiley-Blackwell.