Function and Biology Details
Phosphoenolpyruvate + D-erythrose 4-phosphate + H(2)O = 3-deoxy-D-arabino-hept-2-ulosonate 7-phosphate + phosphate
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing branched (1->3)-alpha-D-galactosidic residues, producing free D-galactose
ATP + kanamycin = ADP + kanamycin 3'-phosphate
L-threonine + ATP + HCO(3)(-) = L-threonylcarbamoyladenylate + diphosphate + H(2)O
dUTP + H(2)O = dUMP + diphosphate
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val
D-arabinose 5-phosphate = D-ribulose 5-phosphate
5-phospho-beta-D-ribosylamine + diphosphate + L-glutamate = L-glutamine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + H(2)O
1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)-ATP + diphosphate = ATP + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + pseudouridine(1915) in 23S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N(3)-methylpseudouridine(1915) in 23S rRNA
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine = UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hex-4-ulose + H(2)O
(S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate = fumarate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
RH + [reduced NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + O(2) = ROH + [oxidized NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + H(2)O
Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide.
Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low.
(1a) (2R,3S)-3-isopropylmalate = 2-isopropylmaleate + H(2)O
Isochorismate + H(2)O = (2S,3S)-2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrobenzoate + pyruvate
A phosphate monoester + H(2)O = an alcohol + phosphate
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin
ATP-dependent cleavage of peptide bonds with broad specificity.
Carbamoyl phosphate + L-aspartate = phosphate + N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate
Selective cleavage of Gln-|-Gly bond in the poliovirus polyprotein. In other picornavirus reactions Glu may be substituted for Gln, and Ser or Thr for Gly.
L-lysine + NADPH + O(2) = N(6)-hydroxy-L-lysine + NADP(+) + H(2)O
4 Fe(2+) + 4 H(+) + O(2) = 4 Fe(3+) + 2 H(2)O
3'-end directed exonucleolytic cleavage of viral RNA-DNA hybrid
ATP + H(2)O + 4 H(+)(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + 4 H(+)(Side 2)
L-asparagine + H(2)O = L-aspartate + NH(3)
2-lysophosphatidylcholine + H(2)O = glycerophosphocholine + a carboxylate
(1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [protein]-L-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [protein]-N(omega)-methyl-L-arginine
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O = diacylglycerol + a carboxylate
A carboxylic ester + H(2)O = an alcohol + a carboxylate
S-ubiquitinyl-[E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + [acceptor protein]-L-lysine = [E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + N(6)-ubiquitinyl-[acceptor protein]-L-lysine
Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins
2 glutathione + ROOH = glutathione disulfide + H(2)O + ROH
Nitric oxide + H(2)O + ferricytochrome c = nitrite + ferrocytochrome c + 2 H(+)
[Amino group carrier protein]-C-terminal-gamma-(L-lysyl)-L-glutamate + H(2)O = [amino group carrier protein]-C-terminal-L-glutamate + L-lysine
ATP + H(2)O + cellular protein(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + cellular protein(Side 2)
An acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(+) = a trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADH
NTP + H(2)O = NDP + phosphate
4 benzenediol + O(2) = 4 benzosemiquinone + 2 H(2)O
dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-alpha-D-glucose = dTDP-4-dehydro-beta-L-rhamnose
5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate
6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP(+) = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO(2) + NADPH
ATP + L-glutamate + NH(3) = ADP + phosphate + L-glutamine
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + glycine + H(2)O = tetrahydrofolate + L-serine
ATP + succinate + CoA = ADP + phosphate + succinyl-CoA
Endohydrolysis of RNA in RNA/DNA hybrids. Three different cleavage modes: 1. sequence-specific internal cleavage of RNA. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Moloney murine leukemia virus enzymes prefer to cleave the RNA strand one nucleotide away from the RNA-DNA junction. 2. RNA 5'-end directed cleavage 13-19 nucleotides from the RNA end. 3. DNA 3'-end directed cleavage 15-20 nucleotides away from the primer terminus.
Isocitrate = succinate + glyoxylate
A chalcone = a flavanone
A beta-lactam + H(2)O = a substituted beta-amino acid
2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H(+) = D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO(2) + H(2)O
Oleoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O = [acyl-carrier-protein] + oleate
N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate + H(2)O = D-glucosamine 6-phosphate + acetate
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
D-glucarate = 5-dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucarate + H(2)O
ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate
D-ribose 5-phosphate = D-ribulose 5-phosphate
Cleaves -Ala-|-Ser- and -Ala-|-Ala- bonds in the scaffold protein.
L-fuculose 1-phosphate = glycerone phosphate + (S)-lactaldehyde
Hydrolysis of proteins to small peptides in the presence of ATP and magnesium. Alpha-Casein is the usual test substrate. In the absence of ATP, only oligopeptides shorter than five residues are hydrolyzed (such as succinyl-Leu-Tyr-|-NHMec; and Leu-Tyr-Leu-|-Tyr-Trp, in which cleavage of the -Tyr-|-Leu- and -Tyr-|-Trp bonds also occurs).
Autocatalytic release of the core protein from the N-terminus of the togavirus structural polyprotein by hydrolysis of a -Trp-|-Ser- bond.
Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa-|-Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala.
ATP + pantetheine 4'-phosphate = diphosphate + 3'-dephospho-CoA
A phenyl acetate + H(2)O = a phenol + acetate
Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
Hydrolysis of four peptide bonds in the viral precursor polyprotein, commonly with Asp or Glu in the P6 position, Cys or Thr in P1 and Ser or Ala in P1'.
Hydrolyzes glutaminyl bonds, and activity is further restricted by preferences for the amino acids in P6 - P1' that vary with the species of potyvirus, e.g. Glu-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr-Xaa-Gln-|-(Ser or Gly) for the enzyme from tobacco etch virus. The natural substrate is the viral polyprotein, but other proteins and oligopeptides containing the appropriate consensus sequence are also cleaved.
Hydrolyzes a Gly-|-Gly bond at its own C-terminus, commonly in the sequence -Tyr-Xaa-Val-Gly-|-Gly, in the processing of the potyviral polyprotein.
Autocatalytically cleaves itself from the polyprotein of the foot-and-mouth disease virus by hydrolysis of a Lys-|-Gly bond, but then cleaves host cell initiation factor eIF-4G at bonds -Gly-|-Arg- and -Lys-|-Arg-.
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) + [acyl-carrier-protein]
Peptidylproline (omega=180) = peptidylproline (omega=0)
Choline = trimethylamine + acetaldehyde
2 bilirubin + O(2) = 2 biliverdin + 2 H(2)O
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(ribonucleotide)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(2'-O-methyl-ribonucleotide)-[mRNA]
Release of a C-terminal amino acid with broad specificity, except for -Pro.
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides containing three or more (1->4)-alpha-linked D-glucose units
N-carbamoylputrescine + H(2)O = putrescine + CO(2) + NH(3)
N(6)-(Delta(2)-isopentenyl)-adenosine 5'-phosphate + H(2)O = N(6)-(dimethylallyl)adenine + D-ribose 5'-phosphate
ADP-alpha-D-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate = ADP + alpha,alpha-trehalose 6-phosphate
2-deoxy-D-ribose 5-phosphate = D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + acetaldehyde
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 5'-phosphate
Geranylgeranyl diphosphate = (+)-copalyl diphosphate
Thiol-dependent hydrolysis of ester, thioester, amide, peptide and isopeptide bonds formed by the C-terminal Gly of ubiquitin (a 76-residue protein attached to proteins as an intracellular targeting signal).
(R)-pantoate + NADP(+) = 2-dehydropantoate + NADPH
Preferential cleavage at the carboxyl of hydrophobic amino acids, but fails to cleave 15-Leu-|-Tyr-16, 16-Tyr-|-Leu-17 and 24-Phe-|-Phe-25 of insulin B chain. Activates trypsinogen, and degrades keratin.
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
Hydrolyzes single-stranded DNA or mismatched double-stranded DNA and polynucleotides, releasing free uracil
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose and similar substrates, releasing cellobiose from the reducing ends of the chains.
S-formylglutathione + H(2)O = glutathione + formate
L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO(2)
ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-stranded DNA
L-glutamate + H(2)O + NADP(+) = 2-oxoglutarate + NH(3) + NADPH
Arsenate + mycothiol = arseno-mycothiol + H(2)O
ATP + GTP = AMP + guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5'-triphosphate
ATP + 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin = AMP + 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin diphosphate
Beta-D-ribopyranose = beta-D-ribofuranose
ATP + pyridoxal = ADP + pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
NAD(P)H + a quinone = NAD(P)(+) + a hydroquinone
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate
N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
Selective cleavage of Tyr-|-Gly bond in picornavirus polyprotein.
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O
Palmitoyl-CoA + H(2)O = CoA + palmitate
A primary alcohol + NAD(+) = an aldehyde + NADH
AMP + H(2)O = D-ribose 5-phosphate + adenine
ATP + H(2)O + a folded polypeptide = ADP + phosphate + an unfolded polypeptide
Preferential cleavage: (Ac)(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-|-D-Ala. Also transpeptidation of peptidyl-alanyl moieties that are N-acyl substituents of D-alanine.
5'-deoxyadenosine + H(2)O = 5-deoxy-D-ribose + adenine
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-D-galactosides
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate
5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate
Purine deoxynucleoside + phosphate = purine + 2'-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
L-histidine-[translation elongation factor 2] + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 2-((3S)-3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-L-histidine-[translation elongation factor 2] + S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine
L-glutaminyl-peptide = 5-oxoprolyl-peptide + NH(3)
Release of N-terminal amino acids, preferentially methionine, from peptides and arylamides.
- not assigned
Structure analysis Details
2 distinct DNA molecules
Ligands and Environments
Experiments and Validation Details
- Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)
- Not provided