Function and Biology Details
Endonucleolytic cleavage at a junction such as a reciprocal single-stranded crossover between two homologous DNA duplexes (Holliday junction)
Phosphoenolpyruvate + D-erythrose 4-phosphate + H(2)O = 3-deoxy-D-arabino-hept-2-ulosonate 7-phosphate + phosphate
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing branched (1->3)-alpha-D-galactosidic residues, producing free D-galactose
(1a) RNA = an (RNA fragment)-3'-nucleoside-2',3'-cyclophosphate + a 5'-hydroxy-ribonucleotide-3'-(RNA fragment)
dUTP + H(2)O = dUMP + diphosphate
Purine deoxynucleoside + phosphate = purine + 2'-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
Carbamoyl phosphate + L-ornithine = phosphate + L-citrulline
5-phospho-beta-D-ribosylamine + diphosphate + L-glutamate = L-glutamine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + H(2)O
NADPH + NAD(+) + H(+)(Side 1) = NADP(+) + H(+)(Side 2) + NADH
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
N-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-anthranilate + diphosphate = anthranilate + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-amino-7-oxononanoate = S-adenosyl-4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate + 7,8-diaminononanoate
Succinate + a quinone = fumarate + a quinol
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine = UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hex-4-ulose + H(2)O
2-(N(omega)-L-arginino)succinate = fumarate + L-arginine
(S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate = fumarate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
(2Z,4E)-2-hydroxyhexa-2,4-dienedioate = (3E)-2-oxohex-3-enedioate
Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide.
Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low.
(1a) (2R,3S)-3-isopropylmalate = 2-isopropylmaleate + H(2)O
1-haloalkane + H(2)O = a primary alcohol + halide
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val
(1R,6R)-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohexa-2,4-diene-1-carboxylate = 2-succinylbenzoate + H(2)O
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin
Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity.
ATP-dependent cleavage of peptide bonds with broad specificity.
N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
Diphosphate + H(2)O = 2 phosphate
Blasticidin S + H(2)O = deaminohydroxyblasticidin S + NH(3)
An acylphosphate + H(2)O = a carboxylate + phosphate
(1a) 2 Fe(2+) + O(2) + 4 H(2)O = 2 (FeO(OH)) + 4 H(+) + H(2)O(2)
4 Fe(2+) + 4 H(+) + O(2) = 4 Fe(3+) + 2 H(2)O
3'-end directed exonucleolytic cleavage of viral RNA-DNA hybrid
4 benzenediol + O(2) = 4 benzosemiquinone + 2 H(2)O
Chorismate = prephenate
L-asparagine + H(2)O = L-aspartate + NH(3)
Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3)
ATP + UMP = ADP + UDP
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) + [acyl-carrier-protein]
S-ubiquitinyl-[E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + [acceptor protein]-L-lysine = [E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + N(6)-ubiquitinyl-[acceptor protein]-L-lysine
Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.
Random endo-hydrolysis of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide (1->4)-beta-linkages in chitin and chitodextrins
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins
The primary cleavage site is at 67-His-|-Lys-68 in human C5a with a minor secondary cleavage site at 58-Ala-|-Ser-59
2 glutathione + ROOH = glutathione disulfide + H(2)O + ROH
Cyclo(L-tyrosyl-L-tyrosyl) + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H(+) + O(2) = mycocyclosin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H(2)O
Nitric oxide + H(2)O + ferricytochrome c = nitrite + ferrocytochrome c + 2 H(+)
dCTP + 2 H(2)O = dUMP + diphosphate + NH(3)
TSAVLQ-|-SGFRK-NH(2) and SGVTFQ-|-GKFKK the two peptides corresponding to the two self-cleavage sites of the SARS 3C-like proteinase are the two most reactive peptide substrates. The enzyme exhibits a strong preference for substrates containing Gln at P1 position and Leu at P2 position.
Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu-|- and the P1' position is occupied by Gly-|-
[Amino group carrier protein]-C-terminal-gamma-(L-lysyl)-L-glutamate + H(2)O = [amino group carrier protein]-C-terminal-L-glutamate + L-lysine
A [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N(6)-((R)-dihydrolipoyl)-L-lysine + ROOH = a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N(6)-((R)-lipoyl)-L-lysine + H(2)O + ROH
2-oxo-2H-pyran-4,6-dicarboxylate + H(2)O = (1E)-4-oxobut-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
dTDP-beta-L-rhamnose + NADP(+) = dTDP-4-dehydro-beta-L-rhamnose + NADPH
An acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(+) = a trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADH
Isochorismate = salicylate + pyruvate
NTP + H(2)O = NDP + phosphate
ATP + H(2)O + 4 H(+)(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + 4 H(+)(Side 2)
Trans,octacis-decaprenylphospho-beta-D-ribofuranose + FAD = trans,octacis-decaprenylphospho-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosid-2-ulose + FADH(2)
ATP + L-glutamate + NH(3) = ADP + phosphate + L-glutamine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + adenine(58) in tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N(1)-methyladenine(58) in tRNA
5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate
6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP(+) = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO(2) + NADPH
(+)-muconolactone = 5-oxo-4,5-dihydrofuran-2-acetate
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + glycine + H(2)O = tetrahydrofolate + L-serine
ATP + deamido-NAD(+) + L-glutamine + H(2)O = AMP + diphosphate + NAD(+) + L-glutamate
ATP + succinate + CoA = ADP + phosphate + succinyl-CoA
(1a) ATP + [DNA ligase]-L-lysine = [DNA ligase]-N(6)-(5'-adenylyl)-L-lysine + diphosphate
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP + NADPH = dTMP + tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+)
Endohydrolysis of RNA in RNA/DNA hybrids. Three different cleavage modes: 1. sequence-specific internal cleavage of RNA. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Moloney murine leukemia virus enzymes prefer to cleave the RNA strand one nucleotide away from the RNA-DNA junction. 2. RNA 5'-end directed cleavage 13-19 nucleotides from the RNA end. 3. DNA 3'-end directed cleavage 15-20 nucleotides away from the primer terminus.
(1a) GTP + [RNA ligase]-L-histidine = 5'-guanosyl [RNA ligase]-N(tau)-phosphono-L-histidine + diphosphate
Isocitrate = succinate + glyoxylate
1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H(2)O = 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + acetate
A beta-lactam + H(2)O = a substituted beta-amino acid
Protein tyrosine phosphate + H(2)O = protein tyrosine + phosphate
2 superoxide + 2 H(+) = O(2) + H(2)O(2)
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
L-tryptophan + O(2) = N-formyl-L-kynurenine
ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate
(1a) 2 cob(II)alamin + 2 [corrinoid adenosyltransferase] = 2 [corrinoid adenosyltransferase]-cob(II)alamin
6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin diphosphate + 4-aminobenzoate = diphosphate + dihydropteroate
Cleaves -Ala-|-Ser- and -Ala-|-Ala- bonds in the scaffold protein.
Hydrolysis of proteins to small peptides in the presence of ATP and magnesium. Alpha-Casein is the usual test substrate. In the absence of ATP, only oligopeptides shorter than five residues are hydrolyzed (such as succinyl-Leu-Tyr-|-NHMec; and Leu-Tyr-Leu-|-Tyr-Trp, in which cleavage of the -Tyr-|-Leu- and -Tyr-|-Trp bonds also occurs).
Autocatalytic release of the core protein from the N-terminus of the togavirus structural polyprotein by hydrolysis of a -Trp-|-Ser- bond.
Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa-|-Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala.
ATP + pantetheine 4'-phosphate = diphosphate + 3'-dephospho-CoA
Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
Hydrolysis of four peptide bonds in the viral precursor polyprotein, commonly with Asp or Glu in the P6 position, Cys or Thr in P1 and Ser or Ala in P1'.
ATP + sulfate = diphosphate + adenylyl sulfate
Hydrolyzes glutaminyl bonds, and activity is further restricted by preferences for the amino acids in P6 - P1' that vary with the species of potyvirus, e.g. Glu-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr-Xaa-Gln-|-(Ser or Gly) for the enzyme from tobacco etch virus. The natural substrate is the viral polyprotein, but other proteins and oligopeptides containing the appropriate consensus sequence are also cleaved.
Hydrolyzes a Gly-|-Gly bond at its own C-terminus, commonly in the sequence -Tyr-Xaa-Val-Gly-|-Gly, in the processing of the potyviral polyprotein.
Autocatalytically cleaves itself from the polyprotein of the foot-and-mouth disease virus by hydrolysis of a Lys-|-Gly bond, but then cleaves host cell initiation factor eIF-4G at bonds -Gly-|-Arg- and -Lys-|-Arg-.
D-glucose 6-phosphate + oxidized coenzyme F420 = D-glucono-1,5-lactone 6-phosphate + reduced coenzyme F420
L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate = (S)-2-amino-6-oxohexanoate + L-glutamate
2 H(2)O(2) = O(2) + 2 H(2)O
2 phenolic donor + H(2)O(2) = 2 phenoxyl radical of the donor + 2 H(2)O
ATP + (R)-pantoate + beta-alanine = AMP + diphosphate + (R)-pantothenate
Peptidylproline (omega=180) = peptidylproline (omega=0)
Choline = trimethylamine + acetaldehyde
An ultra-long-chain di-unsaturated acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = an ultra-long-chain di-unsaturated 3-oxo-fatty acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + CO(2) + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein]
5-methyltetrahydrofolate + NAD(P)(+) = 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NAD(P)H
2 bilirubin + O(2) = 2 biliverdin + 2 H(2)O
An aldehyde + H(2)O + 2 oxidized ferredoxin = a carboxylate + 2 H(+) + 2 reduced ferredoxin
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in xylans
Release of a C-terminal amino acid with broad specificity, except for -Pro.
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate
L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys) + phosphatidylglycerol = tRNA(Lys) + 3-O-L-lysyl-1-O-phosphatidylglycerol
L-histidinol phosphate + H(2)O = L-histidinol + phosphate
A phosphate monoester + H(2)O = an alcohol + phosphate
N-carbamoylputrescine + H(2)O = putrescine + CO(2) + NH(3)
(S)-malate = fumarate + H(2)O
Acetyl-CoA + [protein]-L-lysine = CoA + [protein]-N(6)-acetyl-L-lysine
H(2)CO(3) = CO(2) + H(2)O
N(6)-(Delta(2)-isopentenyl)-adenosine 5'-phosphate + H(2)O = N(6)-(dimethylallyl)adenine + D-ribose 5'-phosphate
ADP-alpha-D-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate = ADP + alpha,alpha-trehalose 6-phosphate
Eliminative cleavage of (1->4)-alpha-D-galacturonan to give oligosaccharides with 4-deoxy-alpha-D-galact-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + H(2)O = L-homocysteine + adenosine
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 5'-phosphate
ATP + NAD(+) = ADP + NADP(+)
Geranylgeranyl diphosphate = (+)-copalyl diphosphate
ATP + adenylyl sulfate = ADP + 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate
Thiol-dependent hydrolysis of ester, thioester, amide, peptide and isopeptide bonds formed by the C-terminal Gly of ubiquitin (a 76-residue protein attached to proteins as an intracellular targeting signal).
(R)-pantoate + NADP(+) = 2-dehydropantoate + NADPH
ATP + protoporphyrin IX + Mg(2+) + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate + Mg-protoporphyrin IX + 2 H(+)
Chorismate = isochorismate
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
Hydrolyzes single-stranded DNA or mismatched double-stranded DNA and polynucleotides, releasing free uracil
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uracil(1498) in 16S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N(3)-methyluracil(1498) in 16S rRNA
L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO(2)
ATP + dTMP = ADP + dTDP
Reduced plastocyanin + oxidized ferredoxin + light = oxidized plastocyanin + reduced ferredoxin
Succinyl-CoA + (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate + H(2)O = CoA + N-succinyl-L-2-amino-6-oxoheptanedioate
Acetyl-CoA + a 2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic = CoA + N(3)-acetyl-2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic
(S)-lactate + NAD(+) = pyruvate + NADH
ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-stranded DNA
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP
L-alanine + H(2)O + NAD(+) = pyruvate + NH(3) + NADH
An alpha-L-fucoside + H(2)O = L-fucose + an alcohol
L-glutamate + H(2)O + NADP(+) = 2-oxoglutarate + NH(3) + NADPH
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(ribonucleotide)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(2'-O-methyl-ribonucleotide)-[mRNA]
ATP + 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin = AMP + 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin diphosphate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(5'-triphosphoguanosine)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-[mRNA]
4-(2-carboxyphenyl)-4-oxobutanoyl-CoA = 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoyl-CoA + H(2)O
5-hydroxyisourate + H(2)O = 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [peptide chain release factor 1 or 2]-L-glutamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [peptide chain release factor 1 or 2]-N(5)-methyl-L-glutamine
ATP + (R)-pantothenate = ADP + (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate
ATP + pyridoxal = ADP + pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
NAD(P)H + a quinone = NAD(P)(+) + a hydroquinone
(S)-dihydroorotate + a quinone = orotate + a quinol
2 GTP = 2 diphosphate + cyclic di-3',5'-guanylate
Pectin + n H(2)O = n methanol + pectate
Selective cleavage of Gln-|-Gly bond in the poliovirus polyprotein. In other picornavirus reactions Glu may be substituted for Gln, and Ser or Thr for Gly.
Selective cleavage of Tyr-|-Gly bond in picornavirus polyprotein.
An aldehyde + NAD(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NADH
GTP + a 5'-diphospho-[mRNA] = diphosphate + a 5'-(5'-triphosphoguanosine)-[mRNA]
Acetyl-CoA + L-serine = CoA + O-acetyl-L-serine
Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + H(2)O + O(2) = pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + NH(3) + H(2)O(2)
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O
Limited hydrolysis of proteins of the neuroexocytosis apparatus, synaptobrevin (also known as neuronal vesicle-associated membrane protein, VAMP), synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP25) or syntaxin. No detected action on small molecule substrates.
Beta-D-ribopyranose = beta-D-ribofuranose
AMP + H(2)O = D-ribose 5-phosphate + adenine
ATP + H(2)O + a folded polypeptide = ADP + phosphate + an unfolded polypeptide
Preferential cleavage: (Ac)(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-|-D-Ala. Also transpeptidation of peptidyl-alanyl moieties that are N-acyl substituents of D-alanine.
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-D-galactosides
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate
5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH
Isochorismate + H(2)O = (2S,3S)-2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrobenzoate + pyruvate
(GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n)-diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol = (GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n+1)-diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate
Release of N-terminal amino acids, preferentially methionine, from peptides and arylamides.
2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate + NADP(+) = 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + NADPH
Hydrolysis of (1->6)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in pullulan, amylopectin and glycogen, and in the alpha- and beta-limit dextrins of amylopectin and glycogen.
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate
L-fuconate = 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-L-fuconate + H(2)O
2-hydroxy-2H-chromene-2-carboxylate = (3E)-4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxobut-3-enoate
L-histidine-[translation elongation factor 2] + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 2-((3S)-3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-L-histidine-[translation elongation factor 2] + S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine
L-glutaminyl-peptide = 5-oxoprolyl-peptide + NH(3)
Release of an N-terminal D-amino acid from a peptide, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably D-Ala, D-Ser or D-Thr. D-amino acid amides and methyl esters also are hydrolyzed, as is glycine amide.
ATP + [DNA-directed RNA polymerase] = ADP + [DNA-directed RNA polymerase] phosphate
Structure analysis Details
Length: 859 amino acids
Theoretical weight: 95.97 KDa
Source organism: Homo sapiens
Expression system: Spodoptera frugiperda
UniProt: Gene names: KIAA1568, ROBO2