Function and Biology Details
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing branched (1->3)-alpha-D-galactosidic residues, producing free D-galactose
D-galactose + O(2) = D-galacto-hexodialdose + H(2)O(2)
dUTP + H(2)O = dUMP + diphosphate
Purine deoxynucleoside + phosphate = purine + 2'-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
Uridine + phosphate = uracil + alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
5-phospho-beta-D-ribosylamine + diphosphate + L-glutamate = L-glutamine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + H(2)O
ATP + D-ribose = ADP + D-ribose 5-phosphate
NADH + ubiquinone + n Na(+)(Side 1) = NAD(+) + ubiquinol + n Na(+)(Side 2)
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
(R)-2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) = 2-oxoglutarate + NADH
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine = UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hex-4-ulose + H(2)O
H(2) + A = AH(2)
(S)-ureidoglycolate = glyoxylate + urea
RH + [reduced NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + O(2) = ROH + [oxidized NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + H(2)O
Acetyl-CoA + phosphate = CoA + acetyl phosphate
1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + 2-iminoacetate + thiocarboxy-[sulfur-carrier protein ThiS] = 2-((2R,5Z)-2-carboxy-4-methylthiazol-5(2H)-ylidene)ethyl phosphate + [sulfur-carrier protein ThiS] + 2 H(2)O
6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP(+) = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO(2) + NADPH
ATP + L-methionine + H(2)O = phosphate + diphosphate + S-adenosyl-L-methionine
1-haloalkane + H(2)O = a primary alcohol + halide
A phosphate monoester + H(2)O = an alcohol + phosphate
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin
Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity.
ATP-dependent cleavage of peptide bonds with broad specificity.
Carbamoyl phosphate + L-aspartate = phosphate + N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate
N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
Diphosphate + H(2)O = 2 phosphate
L-lysine + NADPH + O(2) = N(6)-hydroxy-L-lysine + NADP(+) + H(2)O
Cleaves -Ala-|-Ser- and -Ala-|-Ala- bonds in the scaffold protein.
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + H(2)O = S-inosyl-L-homocysteine + NH(3)
Hydrolysis of an N(6)-acetyl-lysine residue of a histone to yield a deacetylated histone
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a catechol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a guaiacol
3'-end directed exonucleolytic cleavage of viral RNA-DNA hybrid
4 benzenediol + O(2) = 4 benzosemiquinone + 2 H(2)O
Hydrolysis of proteins to small peptides in the presence of ATP and magnesium. Alpha-Casein is the usual test substrate. In the absence of ATP, only oligopeptides shorter than five residues are hydrolyzed (such as succinyl-Leu-Tyr-|-NHMec; and Leu-Tyr-Leu-|-Tyr-Trp, in which cleavage of the -Tyr-|-Leu- and -Tyr-|-Trp bonds also occurs).
Chorismate = prephenate
L-asparagine + H(2)O = L-aspartate + NH(3)
(1a) L-cysteine + [enzyme]-cysteine = L-alanine + [enzyme]-S-sulfanylcysteine
L-cystathionine + H(2)O = L-homocysteine + NH(3) + pyruvate
2-lysophosphatidylcholine + H(2)O = glycerophosphocholine + a carboxylate
A phenyl acetate + H(2)O = a phenol + acetate
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O = diacylglycerol + a carboxylate
A carboxylic ester + H(2)O = an alcohol + a carboxylate
(1a) L-cystathionine = L-cysteine + 2-aminobut-2-enoate
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val
ATP + [biotin carboxyl-carrier protein]-biotin-N(6)-L-lysine + hydrogencarbonate- = ADP + phosphate + [biotin carboxyl-carrier protein]-carboxybiotin-N(6)-L-lysine
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins
2 glutathione + ROOH = glutathione disulfide + H(2)O + ROH
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine + H(2)O = S-methyl-5'-thioinosine + NH(3)
TSAVLQ-|-SGFRK-NH(2) and SGVTFQ-|-GKFKK the two peptides corresponding to the two self-cleavage sites of the SARS 3C-like proteinase are the two most reactive peptide substrates. The enzyme exhibits a strong preference for substrates containing Gln at P1 position and Leu at P2 position.
Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu-|- and the P1' position is occupied by Gly-|-
N-acetyl-O-acetylneuraminate + H(2)O = N-acetylneuraminate + acetate
ATP + H(2)O + cellular protein(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + cellular protein(Side 2)
(S)-dihydroorotate + fumarate = orotate + succinate
An acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(+) = a trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADH
NAD(+) + glycine + sulfide = nicotinamide + ADP-5-ethyl-4-methylthiazole-2-carboxylate + 3 H(2)O
Prephenate = phenylpyruvate + H(2)O + CO(2)
NTP + H(2)O = NDP + phosphate
Succinate semialdehyde + NADP(+) + H(2)O = succinate + NADPH
(Polyphosphate)(n) + H(2)O = (polyphosphate)(n-1) + phosphate
ATP + L-glutamate + NH(3) = ADP + phosphate + L-glutamine
Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + glycine + H(2)O = tetrahydrofolate + L-serine
An aldehyde + NAD(P)(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NAD(P)H
(1a) ATP + [DNA ligase]-L-lysine = [DNA ligase]-N(6)-(5'-adenylyl)-L-lysine + diphosphate
(1a) L-glutamine + H(2)O = L-glutamate + NH(3)
Endohydrolysis of RNA in RNA/DNA hybrids. Three different cleavage modes: 1. sequence-specific internal cleavage of RNA. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Moloney murine leukemia virus enzymes prefer to cleave the RNA strand one nucleotide away from the RNA-DNA junction. 2. RNA 5'-end directed cleavage 13-19 nucleotides from the RNA end. 3. DNA 3'-end directed cleavage 15-20 nucleotides away from the primer terminus.
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH
Aceneneuramate = N-acetyl-D-mannosamine + pyruvate
Succinate + a quinone = fumarate + a quinol
A chalcone = a flavanone
A beta-lactam + H(2)O = a substituted beta-amino acid
3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a phenol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an aryl sulfate
4 Fe(2+) + 4 H(+) + O(2) = 4 Fe(3+) + 2 H(2)O
2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H(+) = D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO(2) + H(2)O
Oleoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O = [acyl-carrier-protein] + oleate
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate = (S)-allantoin + CO(2)
D-glucarate = 5-dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucarate + H(2)O
L-arginine + H(2)O = L-ornithine + urea
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = glycerone phosphate
S-adenosyl 3-(methylthio)propylamine + putrescine = 5'-S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine + spermidine
L-aspartate = D-aspartate
(R)-mandelonitrile = cyanide + benzaldehyde
Autocatalytic release of the core protein from the N-terminus of the togavirus structural polyprotein by hydrolysis of a -Trp-|-Ser- bond.
Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa-|-Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala.
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
Hydrolysis of four peptide bonds in the viral precursor polyprotein, commonly with Asp or Glu in the P6 position, Cys or Thr in P1 and Ser or Ala in P1'.
Hydrolyzes glutaminyl bonds, and activity is further restricted by preferences for the amino acids in P6 - P1' that vary with the species of potyvirus, e.g. Glu-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr-Xaa-Gln-|-(Ser or Gly) for the enzyme from tobacco etch virus. The natural substrate is the viral polyprotein, but other proteins and oligopeptides containing the appropriate consensus sequence are also cleaved.
Hydrolyzes a Gly-|-Gly bond at its own C-terminus, commonly in the sequence -Tyr-Xaa-Val-Gly-|-Gly, in the processing of the potyviral polyprotein.
Autocatalytically cleaves itself from the polyprotein of the foot-and-mouth disease virus by hydrolysis of a Lys-|-Gly bond, but then cleaves host cell initiation factor eIF-4G at bonds -Gly-|-Arg- and -Lys-|-Arg-.
Cutin + H(2)O = cutin monomers
Maltose = alpha,alpha-trehalose
Maleate = fumarate
2 phenolic donor + H(2)O(2) = 2 phenoxyl radical of the donor + 2 H(2)O
Peptidylproline (omega=180) = peptidylproline (omega=0)
Choline = trimethylamine + acetaldehyde
Acetyl-CoA + an alkane-alpha,omega-diamine = CoA + an N-acetyldiamine
2 bilirubin + O(2) = 2 biliverdin + 2 H(2)O
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(ribonucleotide)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(2'-O-methyl-ribonucleotide)-[mRNA]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(5'-triphosphoguanosine)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-[mRNA]
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose, lichenin and cereal beta-D-glucans
L-histidinol phosphate + H(2)O = L-histidinol + phosphate
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides containing three or more (1->4)-alpha-linked D-glucose units
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing alpha-L-rhamnose residues in alpha-L-rhamnosides
N-carbamoylputrescine + H(2)O = putrescine + CO(2) + NH(3)
N(6)-(Delta(2)-isopentenyl)-adenosine 5'-phosphate + H(2)O = N(6)-(dimethylallyl)adenine + D-ribose 5'-phosphate
ADP-alpha-D-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate = ADP + alpha,alpha-trehalose 6-phosphate
L-lysine = cadaverine + CO(2)
Eliminative cleavage of (1->4)-alpha-D-galacturonan to give oligosaccharides with 4-deoxy-alpha-D-galact-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + H(2)O = L-homocysteine + adenosine
Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.
2-phospho-D-glycerate = phosphoenolpyruvate + H(2)O
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 5'-phosphate
Geranylgeranyl diphosphate = (+)-copalyl diphosphate
Thiol-dependent hydrolysis of ester, thioester, amide, peptide and isopeptide bonds formed by the C-terminal Gly of ubiquitin (a 76-residue protein attached to proteins as an intracellular targeting signal).
(R)-pantoate + NADP(+) = 2-dehydropantoate + NADPH
Preferential cleavage at the carboxyl of hydrophobic amino acids, but fails to cleave 15-Leu-|-Tyr-16, 16-Tyr-|-Leu-17 and 24-Phe-|-Phe-25 of insulin B chain. Activates trypsinogen, and degrades keratin.
Cleaves proteins of the adenovirus and its host cell at two consensus sites: -Yaa-Xaa-Gly-Gly-|-Xaa- and -Yaa-Xaa-Gly-Xaa-|-Gly- (in which Yaa is Met, Ile or Leu, and Xaa is any amino acid).
Hydrolyzes single-stranded DNA or mismatched double-stranded DNA and polynucleotides, releasing free uracil
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose and similar substrates, releasing cellobiose from the reducing ends of the chains.
L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO(2)
A long-chain aldehyde + O(2) + 2 NADPH = an alkane + formate + H(2)O + 2 NADP(+)
Exolytic cleavage of the (1->4)-beta-glycosidic linkage between N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc) and N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues in peptidoglycan, from either the reducing or the non-reducing ends of the peptidoglycan chains, with concomitant formation of a 1,6-anhydrobond in the MurNAc residue.
L-glutamate + H(2)O + NADP(+) = 2-oxoglutarate + NH(3) + NADPH
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine
ATP + a [protein]-L-tyrosine = ADP + a [protein]-L-tyrosine phosphate
Arsenate + mycothiol = arseno-mycothiol + H(2)O
ATP + GTP = AMP + guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5'-triphosphate
ATP + thiamine = AMP + thiamine diphosphate
NAD(P)H + O(2) = NAD(P)(+) + H(2)O(2)
5-hydroxyisourate + H(2)O = 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate
Beta-D-ribopyranose = beta-D-ribofuranose
A 2'-deoxyribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate + H(2)O = a 2'-deoxyribonucleoside + phosphate
GTP + a 5'-diphospho-[mRNA] = diphosphate + a 5'-(5'-triphosphoguanosine)-[mRNA]
GDP-beta-L-fucose + NADP(+) = GDP-4-dehydro-alpha-D-rhamnose + NADPH
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate
Selective cleavage of Gln-|-Gly bond in the poliovirus polyprotein. In other picornavirus reactions Glu may be substituted for Gln, and Ser or Thr for Gly.
Selective cleavage of Tyr-|-Gly bond in picornavirus polyprotein.
D-erythro-1-(imidazol-4-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate = 3-(imidazol-4-yl)-2-oxopropyl phosphate + H(2)O
O-acetyl-L-serine + hydrogen sulfide = L-cysteine + acetate
Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + H(2)O + O(2) = pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + NH(3) + H(2)O(2)
Pyruvate + L-aspartate-4-semialdehyde = (4S)-4-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-(2S)-dipicolinate + H(2)O
ATP + L-tyrosine + tRNA(Tyr) = AMP + diphosphate + L-tyrosyl-tRNA(Tyr)
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O
Palmitoyl-CoA + H(2)O = CoA + palmitate
AMP + H(2)O = D-ribose 5-phosphate + adenine
L-homoserine + NAD(P)(+) = L-aspartate 4-semialdehyde + NAD(P)H
ATP + H(2)O + a folded polypeptide = ADP + phosphate + an unfolded polypeptide
Nitric oxide + H(2)O + ferricytochrome c = nitrite + ferrocytochrome c + 2 H(+)
Preferential cleavage: (Ac)(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-|-D-Ala. Also transpeptidation of peptidyl-alanyl moieties that are N-acyl substituents of D-alanine.
5'-deoxyadenosine + H(2)O = 5-deoxy-D-ribose + adenine
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing (1->4)-linked alpha-D-glucose residues with release of alpha-D-glucose
An N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone + H(2)O = an N-acyl-L-homoserine
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-D-galactosides
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate
5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH
L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys) + phosphatidylglycerol = tRNA(Lys) + 3-O-L-lysyl-1-O-phosphatidylglycerol
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate
ATP + acetyl-CoA + HCO(3)(-) = ADP + phosphate + malonyl-CoA
4-fumarylacetoacetate + H(2)O = acetoacetate + fumarate
NADPH + NAD(+) + H(+)(Side 1) = NADP(+) + H(+)(Side 2) + NADH
Release of N-terminal amino acids, preferentially methionine, from peptides and arylamides.
Succinyl-CoA + enzyme N(6)-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N(6)-(S-succinyldihydrolipoyl)lysine
IMP + diphosphate = hypoxanthine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
Geranyl diphosphate = gamma-terpinene + diphosphate
Geranyl diphosphate = alpha-terpinene + diphosphate
Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide.
Random endo-hydrolysis of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide (1->4)-beta-linkages in chitin and chitodextrins
(R)-10-hydroxystearate = oleate + H(2)O
L-leucine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + L-glutamate
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) + [acyl-carrier-protein]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uridine(2552) in 23S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2'-O-methyluridine(2552) in 23S rRNA
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP
L-glutamate + H(2)O + NAD(+) = 2-oxoglutarate + NH(3) + NADH
NAD(P)H + a quinone = NAD(P)(+) + a hydroquinone
A (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + a UDP-3-O-((3R)-hydroxyacyl)-alpha-D-glucosamine = a UDP-2-N,3-O-bis((3R)-3-hydroxyacyl)-alpha-D-glucosamine + a holo-[acyl-carrier-protein]
An aldehyde + NAD(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NADH
Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low.
Naphthalene + NADH + O(2) = (1R,2S)-1,2-dihydronaphthalene-1,2-diol + NAD(+)
(GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n)-diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol = (GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n+1)-diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate
- not assigned
Structure analysis Details