Function and Biology Details
Endonucleolytic cleavage at a junction such as a reciprocal single-stranded crossover between two homologous DNA duplexes (Holliday junction)
Succinyl-CoA + enzyme N(6)-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N(6)-(S-succinyldihydrolipoyl)lysine
Phosphoenolpyruvate + D-erythrose 4-phosphate + H(2)O = 3-deoxy-D-arabino-hept-2-ulosonate 7-phosphate + phosphate
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing branched (1->3)-alpha-D-galactosidic residues, producing free D-galactose
(1a) an (RNA) containing cytidine = an (RNA)-3'-cytidine-2',3'-cyclophosphate + a 5'-hydroxy-ribonucleotide-3'-(RNA)
dUTP + H(2)O = dUMP + diphosphate
Purine deoxynucleoside + phosphate = purine + 2'-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
Uridine + phosphate = uracil + alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
2-phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol = 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate + CMP
1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)-ATP + diphosphate = ATP + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
ATP + D-xylulose = ADP + D-xylulose 5-phosphate
L-rhamnonate = 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate + H(2)O
Geranyl diphosphate = gamma-terpinene + diphosphate
3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholanate + NAD(+) = 3-alpha,12-alpha-dihydroxy-7-oxo-5-beta-cholanate + NADH
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + adenine in DNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N-6-methyladenine in DNA
6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + H(2)O = 6-phospho-D-gluconate
ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-stranded DNA
(S)-ureidoglycolate = glyoxylate + urea
Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide.
Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low.
GTP + H(2)O = GDP + phosphate
1-haloalkane + H(2)O = a primary alcohol + halide
A phosphate monoester + H(2)O = an alcohol + phosphate
Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity.
ATP-dependent cleavage of peptide bonds with broad specificity.
Carbamoyl phosphate + L-aspartate = phosphate + N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate
An aldehyde + NAD(P)(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NAD(P)H
Diphosphate + H(2)O = 2 phosphate
L-lysine + NADPH + O(2) = N(6)-hydroxy-L-lysine + NADP(+) + H(2)O
4 Fe(2+) + 4 H(+) + O(2) = 4 Fe(3+) + 2 H(2)O
3'-end directed exonucleolytic cleavage of viral RNA-DNA hybrid
ATP + H(2)O + 4 H(+)(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + 4 H(+)(Side 2)
Hydrolysis of proteins to small peptides in the presence of ATP and magnesium. Alpha-Casein is the usual test substrate. In the absence of ATP, only oligopeptides shorter than five residues are hydrolyzed (such as succinyl-Leu-Tyr-|-NHMec; and Leu-Tyr-Leu-|-Tyr-Trp, in which cleavage of the -Tyr-|-Leu- and -Tyr-|-Trp bonds also occurs).
4-phosphonooxy-L-threonine + 2-oxoglutarate = (3R)-3-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-phosphonooxybutanoate + L-glutamate
L-asparagine + H(2)O = L-aspartate + NH(3)
(1a) L-cysteine + [enzyme]-cysteine = L-alanine + [enzyme]-S-sulfanylcysteine
L-cystathionine + H(2)O = L-homocysteine + NH(3) + pyruvate
(1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [protein]-L-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [protein]-N(omega)-methyl-L-arginine
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing (1->4)-linked alpha-D-glucose residues with release of alpha-D-glucose
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) + [acyl-carrier-protein]
(1a) L-cystathionine = L-cysteine + 2-aminobut-2-enoate
Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa-|-Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala.
(1a) S-ubiquitinyl-[E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + [HECT-type E3 ubiquitin transferase]-L-cysteine = [E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + S-ubiquitinyl-[HECT-type E3 ubiquitin transferase]-L-cysteine
(2S)-2-hydroxy-3,4-dioxopentyl phosphate = 3-hydroxy-2,4-dioxopentyl phosphate
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val
CoA-(4'-phosphopantetheine) + apo-[acyl-carrier-protein] = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + holo-[acyl-carrier-protein]
Random endo-hydrolysis of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide (1->4)-beta-linkages in chitin and chitodextrins
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins
2 glutathione + ROOH = glutathione disulfide + H(2)O + ROH
NADH + ROOH + H(+) = NAD(+) + H(2)O + ROH
Nitric oxide + H(2)O + ferricytochrome c = nitrite + ferrocytochrome c + 2 H(+)
ATP + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
NH(3) + 2 H(2)O + 6 ferricytochrome c = nitrite + 6 ferrocytochrome c + 7 H(+)
Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu-|- and the P1' position is occupied by Gly-|-
N-acetyl-O-acetylneuraminate + H(2)O = N-acetylneuraminate + acetate
ATP + H(2)O + cellular protein(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + cellular protein(Side 2)
(S)-dihydroorotate + fumarate = orotate + succinate
An acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(+) = a trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADH
Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate = pyruvate + glyoxylate
NTP + H(2)O = NDP + phosphate
4 benzenediol + O(2) = 4 benzosemiquinone + 2 H(2)O
(Polyphosphate)(n) + H(2)O = (polyphosphate)(n-1) + phosphate
ATP + L-glutamate + NH(3) = ADP + phosphate + L-glutamine
N-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)anthranilate = 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose 5-phosphate
5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate
L-leucine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + L-glutamate
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
Maltose = alpha,alpha-trehalose
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
ATP + succinate + CoA = ADP + phosphate + succinyl-CoA
(1a) L-glutamine + H(2)O = L-glutamate + NH(3)
Limited hydrolysis of proteins of the neuroexocytosis apparatus, synaptobrevin (also known as neuronal vesicle-associated membrane protein, VAMP), synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP25) or syntaxin. No detected action on small molecule substrates.
Endohydrolysis of RNA in RNA/DNA hybrids. Three different cleavage modes: 1. sequence-specific internal cleavage of RNA. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Moloney murine leukemia virus enzymes prefer to cleave the RNA strand one nucleotide away from the RNA-DNA junction. 2. RNA 5'-end directed cleavage 13-19 nucleotides from the RNA end. 3. DNA 3'-end directed cleavage 15-20 nucleotides away from the primer terminus.
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH
1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H(2)O = 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + acetate
A chalcone = a flavanone
A beta-lactam + H(2)O = a substituted beta-amino acid
3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a phenol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an aryl sulfate
2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H(+) = D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO(2) + H(2)O
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
Angiotensin II + H(2)O = angiotensin-(1-7) + L-phenylalanine
ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate
2-dehydro-3-deoxy-6-phosphate-D-gluconate = pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
(R)-mandelonitrile = cyanide + benzaldehyde
(1a) [enzyme]-L-histidine + 2,3-bisphospho-D-glycerate = [enzyme]-N(tau)-phospho-L-histidine + 2/3-phospho-D-glycerate
Autocatalytic release of the core protein from the N-terminus of the togavirus structural polyprotein by hydrolysis of a -Trp-|-Ser- bond.
D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate = glycerone phosphate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
Hydrolysis of four peptide bonds in the viral precursor polyprotein, commonly with Asp or Glu in the P6 position, Cys or Thr in P1 and Ser or Ala in P1'.
Hydrolyzes glutaminyl bonds, and activity is further restricted by preferences for the amino acids in P6 - P1' that vary with the species of potyvirus, e.g. Glu-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr-Xaa-Gln-|-(Ser or Gly) for the enzyme from tobacco etch virus. The natural substrate is the viral polyprotein, but other proteins and oligopeptides containing the appropriate consensus sequence are also cleaved.
Hydrolyzes a Gly-|-Gly bond at its own C-terminus, commonly in the sequence -Tyr-Xaa-Val-Gly-|-Gly, in the processing of the potyviral polyprotein.
Cutin + H(2)O = cutin monomers
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-beta-L-arabinose = 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + UDP-4-deoxy-4-formamido-beta-L-arabinose
Peptidylproline (omega=180) = peptidylproline (omega=0)
Choline = trimethylamine + acetaldehyde
5-methyltetrahydrofolate + NAD(P)(+) = 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NAD(P)H
2 bilirubin + O(2) = 2 biliverdin + 2 H(2)O
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(ribonucleotide)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(2'-O-methyl-ribonucleotide)-[mRNA]
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
[a protein]-serine/threonine phosphate + H(2)O = [a protein]-serine/threonine + phosphate
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose, lichenin and cereal beta-D-glucans
L-histidinol phosphate + H(2)O = L-histidinol + phosphate
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides containing three or more (1->4)-alpha-linked D-glucose units
Hydrolysis of terminal (1->4)-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of the chains with release of beta-D-glucose
D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate + H(2)O = D-fructose 6-phosphate + phosphate
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing alpha-L-rhamnose residues in alpha-L-rhamnosides
N-carbamoylputrescine + H(2)O = putrescine + CO(2) + NH(3)
Geranyl diphosphate = alpha-terpinene + diphosphate
Selective cleavage of Gln-|-Gly bond in the poliovirus polyprotein. In other picornavirus reactions Glu may be substituted for Gln, and Ser or Thr for Gly.
L-lysine = cadaverine + CO(2)
Eliminative cleavage of alginate to give oligosaccharides with 4-deoxy-alpha-L-erythro-hex-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends and beta-D-mannuronate at their reducing end.
Eliminative cleavage of (1->4)-alpha-D-galacturonan to give oligosaccharides with 4-deoxy-alpha-D-galact-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends
Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 5'-phosphate
A 4-O-methyl-D-glucopyranuronate ester + H(2)O = 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid + an alcohol
A glutathione-S-conjugate + H(2)O = an (L-cysteinylglycine)-S-conjugate + L-glutamate
Thiol-dependent hydrolysis of ester, thioester, amide, peptide and isopeptide bonds formed by the C-terminal Gly of ubiquitin (a 76-residue protein attached to proteins as an intracellular targeting signal).
(R)-pantoate + NADP(+) = 2-dehydropantoate + NADPH
1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)-5-((5-phospho-beta-D-ribosylamino)methylideneamino)imidazole-4-carboxamide = 5-((5-phospho-1-deoxy-D-ribulos-1-ylamino)methylideneamino)-1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
Preferential cleavage at the carboxyl of hydrophobic amino acids, but fails to cleave 15-Leu-|-Tyr-16, 16-Tyr-|-Leu-17 and 24-Phe-|-Phe-25 of insulin B chain. Activates trypsinogen, and degrades keratin.
Cleaves proteins of the adenovirus and its host cell at two consensus sites: -Yaa-Xaa-Gly-Gly-|-Xaa- and -Yaa-Xaa-Gly-Xaa-|-Gly- (in which Yaa is Met, Ile or Leu, and Xaa is any amino acid).
6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP(+) = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO(2) + NADPH
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose and similar substrates, releasing cellobiose from the reducing ends of the chains.
5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uracil(1498) in 16S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N(3)-methyluracil(1498) in 16S rRNA
L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO(2)
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate
Acetyl-CoA + a 2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic = CoA + N(3)-acetyl-2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic
(S)-lactate + NAD(+) = pyruvate + NADH
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine
Alpha-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate + H(2)O = D-fructose 6-phosphate + NH(3)
Beta-D-ribopyranose = beta-D-ribofuranose
2-iminobutanoate + H(2)O = 2-oxobutanoate + NH(3)
ATP + glycerol = ADP + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
NAD(+) + protein-L-arginine = nicotinamide + N(omega)-(ADP-D-ribosyl)-protein-L-arginine
Succinate + a quinone = fumarate + a quinol
Pectin + n H(2)O = n methanol + pectate
N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
Selective cleavage of Tyr-|-Gly bond in picornavirus polyprotein.
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + guanosine(2251) in 23S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2'-O-methylguanosine(2251) in 23S rRNA
((1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl)(n) + H(2)O = sophorose + ((1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl)(n-2)
2-phospho-D-glycerate = phosphoenolpyruvate + H(2)O
Pyruvate + L-aspartate-4-semialdehyde = (4S)-4-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-(2S)-dipicolinate + H(2)O
A phosphatidylcholine + H(2)O = 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol + phosphocholine
A (5-L-glutamyl)-peptide + an amino acid = a peptide + a 5-L-glutamyl amino acid
ATP + L-tyrosine + tRNA(Tyr) = AMP + diphosphate + L-tyrosyl-tRNA(Tyr)
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O
N(1)-methylguanine(37) in tRNA(Phe) + pyruvate + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 4-demethylwyosine(37) in tRNA(Phe) + L-methionine + 5'-deoxyadenosine + CO(2) + H(2)O
AMP + H(2)O = D-ribose 5-phosphate + adenine
L-homoserine + NAD(P)(+) = L-aspartate 4-semialdehyde + NAD(P)H
ATP + H(2)O + a folded polypeptide = ADP + phosphate + an unfolded polypeptide
A (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + a UDP-3-O-((3R)-hydroxyacyl)-alpha-D-glucosamine = a UDP-2-N,3-O-bis((3R)-3-hydroxyacyl)-alpha-D-glucosamine + a holo-[acyl-carrier-protein]
Preferential cleavage: (Ac)(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-|-D-Ala. Also transpeptidation of peptidyl-alanyl moieties that are N-acyl substituents of D-alanine.
5'-deoxyadenosine + H(2)O = 5-deoxy-D-ribose + adenine
A 2'-deoxyribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate + H(2)O = a 2'-deoxyribonucleoside + phosphate
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-D-galactosides
ATP + L-histidine + tRNA(His) = AMP + diphosphate + L-histidyl-tRNA(His)
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate
TSAVLQ-|-SGFRK-NH(2) and SGVTFQ-|-GKFKK the two peptides corresponding to the two self-cleavage sites of the SARS 3C-like proteinase are the two most reactive peptide substrates. The enzyme exhibits a strong preference for substrates containing Gln at P1 position and Leu at P2 position.
(GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n)-diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol = (GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n+1)-diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate
Release of N-terminal amino acids, preferentially methionine, from peptides and arylamides.
L-histidine-[translation elongation factor 2] + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 2-((3S)-3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-L-histidine-[translation elongation factor 2] + S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate
ATP + acetyl-CoA + HCO(3)(-) = ADP + phosphate + malonyl-CoA
ATP + propanoyl-CoA + HCO(3)(-) = ADP + phosphate + (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA
4-fumarylacetoacetate + H(2)O = acetoacetate + fumarate
UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate + NAD(+) = UDP-beta-L-threo-pentapyranos-4-ulose + CO(2) + NADH
L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys) + phosphatidylglycerol = tRNA(Lys) + 3-O-L-lysyl-1-O-phosphatidylglycerol
Structure analysis Details
Length: 180 amino acids
Theoretical weight: 20.7 KDa
Source organism: Homo sapiens
Expression system: Escherichia coli BL21
- Canonical: P80188 (Residues: 21-198; Coverage: 100%)
Sequence domains: Lipocalin / cytosolic fatty-acid binding protein family
Structure domains: Lipocalin