Function and Biology Details
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing branched (1->3)-alpha-D-galactosidic residues, producing free D-galactose
dUTP + H(2)O = dUMP + diphosphate
Purine deoxynucleoside + phosphate = purine + 2'-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
5-phospho-beta-D-ribosylamine + diphosphate + L-glutamate = L-glutamine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + H(2)O
ATP + D-ribose = ADP + D-ribose 5-phosphate
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
N-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-anthranilate + diphosphate = anthranilate + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine = UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hex-4-ulose + H(2)O
7,8-dihydroneopterin 3'-triphosphate + H(2)O = 6-carboxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin + acetaldehyde + triphosphate
Exonucleolytic cleavage in the 3'- to 5'-direction to yield nucleoside 5'-phosphates
2-(N(omega)-L-arginino)succinate = fumarate + L-arginine
ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate
2 alpha,alpha'-trehalose 6-mycolate = alpha,alpha'-trehalose + alpha,alpha'-trehalose 6,6'-bismycolate
Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide.
Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low.
Cyclic pyranopterin phosphate + 2 [molybdopterin-synthase sulfur-carrier protein]-Gly-NH-CH(2)-C(O)SH + H(2)O = molybdopterin + 2 [molybdopterin-synthase sulfur-carrier protein]
GTP + H(2)O = GDP + phosphate
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin
Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity.
Carbamoyl phosphate + L-ornithine = phosphate + L-citrulline
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-amino-7-oxononanoate = S-adenosyl-4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate + 7,8-diaminononanoate
Diphosphate + H(2)O = 2 phosphate
L-lysine + NADPH + O(2) = N(6)-hydroxy-L-lysine + NADP(+) + H(2)O
An acylphosphate + H(2)O = a carboxylate + phosphate
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + H(2)O = S-inosyl-L-homocysteine + NH(3)
Hydrolysis of an N(6)-acetyl-lysine residue of a histone to yield a deacetylated histone
3'-end directed exonucleolytic cleavage of viral RNA-DNA hybrid
4 Fe(2+) + 4 H(+) + O(2) = 4 Fe(3+) + 2 H(2)O
2-lysophosphatidylcholine + H(2)O = glycerophosphocholine + a carboxylate
A phenyl acetate + H(2)O = a phenol + acetate
A carboxylic ester + H(2)O = an alcohol + a carboxylate
6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP(+) = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO(2) + NADPH
S-ubiquitinyl-[E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + [acceptor protein]-L-lysine = [E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + N(6)-ubiquitinyl-[acceptor protein]-L-lysine
Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins
Thioredoxin + ROOH = thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O + ROH
2 glutathione + ROOH = glutathione disulfide + H(2)O + ROH
Cyclo(L-tyrosyl-L-tyrosyl) + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H(+) + O(2) = mycocyclosin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H(2)O
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine + H(2)O = S-methyl-5'-thioinosine + NH(3)
ATP + shikimate = ADP + shikimate 3-phosphate
TSAVLQ-|-SGFRK-NH(2) and SGVTFQ-|-GKFKK the two peptides corresponding to the two self-cleavage sites of the SARS 3C-like proteinase are the two most reactive peptide substrates. The enzyme exhibits a strong preference for substrates containing Gln at P1 position and Leu at P2 position.
Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu-|- and the P1' position is occupied by Gly-|-
ATP + agmatine + (tRNA(Ile)(2))-cytidine(34) + H(2)O = (tRNA(Ile)(2))-2-agmatinylcytidine(34) + AMP + 2 phosphate
N-acetyl-O-acetylneuraminate + H(2)O = N-acetylneuraminate + acetate
(S)-dihydroorotate + fumarate = orotate + succinate
An acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(+) = a trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADH
NTP + H(2)O = NDP + phosphate
Succinate semialdehyde + NADP(+) + H(2)O = succinate + NADPH
5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
Isopentenyl diphosphate = prenyl diphosphate
(+)-muconolactone = 5-oxo-4,5-dihydrofuran-2-acetate
ATP + deamido-NAD(+) + L-glutamine + H(2)O = AMP + diphosphate + NAD(+) + L-glutamate
(1a) ATP + [DNA ligase]-L-lysine = [DNA ligase]-N(6)-(5'-adenylyl)-L-lysine + diphosphate
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP + NADPH = dTMP + tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+)
Endohydrolysis of RNA in RNA/DNA hybrids. Three different cleavage modes: 1. sequence-specific internal cleavage of RNA. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Moloney murine leukemia virus enzymes prefer to cleave the RNA strand one nucleotide away from the RNA-DNA junction. 2. RNA 5'-end directed cleavage 13-19 nucleotides from the RNA end. 3. DNA 3'-end directed cleavage 15-20 nucleotides away from the primer terminus.
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH
Aceneneuramate = N-acetyl-D-mannosamine + pyruvate
(1a) L-cysteine + [enzyme]-cysteine = L-alanine + [enzyme]-S-sulfanylcysteine
A beta-lactam + H(2)O = a substituted beta-amino acid
Protein tyrosine phosphate + H(2)O = protein tyrosine + phosphate
2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate = cis,cis-butadiene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate + H(2)O = 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate + phosphate
2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H(+) = D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO(2) + H(2)O
2 reduced ferredoxin + NADP(+) + H(+) = 2 oxidized ferredoxin + NADPH
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
D-glucarate = 5-dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucarate + H(2)O
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = glycerone phosphate
(1a) 2 cob(II)alamin + 2 [corrinoid adenosyltransferase] = 2 [corrinoid adenosyltransferase]-cob(II)alamin
Cleaves -Ala-|-Ser- and -Ala-|-Ala- bonds in the scaffold protein.
Hydrolysis of proteins to small peptides in the presence of ATP and magnesium. Alpha-Casein is the usual test substrate. In the absence of ATP, only oligopeptides shorter than five residues are hydrolyzed (such as succinyl-Leu-Tyr-|-NHMec; and Leu-Tyr-Leu-|-Tyr-Trp, in which cleavage of the -Tyr-|-Leu- and -Tyr-|-Trp bonds also occurs).
Autocatalytic release of the core protein from the N-terminus of the togavirus structural polyprotein by hydrolysis of a -Trp-|-Ser- bond.
Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa-|-Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala.
Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
Hydrolysis of four peptide bonds in the viral precursor polyprotein, commonly with Asp or Glu in the P6 position, Cys or Thr in P1 and Ser or Ala in P1'.
ATP + dTMP = ADP + dTDP
Hydrolyzes glutaminyl bonds, and activity is further restricted by preferences for the amino acids in P6 - P1' that vary with the species of potyvirus, e.g. Glu-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr-Xaa-Gln-|-(Ser or Gly) for the enzyme from tobacco etch virus. The natural substrate is the viral polyprotein, but other proteins and oligopeptides containing the appropriate consensus sequence are also cleaved.
Hydrolyzes a Gly-|-Gly bond at its own C-terminus, commonly in the sequence -Tyr-Xaa-Val-Gly-|-Gly, in the processing of the potyviral polyprotein.
Autocatalytically cleaves itself from the polyprotein of the foot-and-mouth disease virus by hydrolysis of a Lys-|-Gly bond, but then cleaves host cell initiation factor eIF-4G at bonds -Gly-|-Arg- and -Lys-|-Arg-.
ATP + 7,8-diaminononanoate + CO(2) = ADP + phosphate + dethiobiotin
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) + [acyl-carrier-protein]
Cutin + H(2)O = cutin monomers
Pyruvate + [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] lipoyllysine = [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine + CO(2)
Peptidylproline (omega=180) = peptidylproline (omega=0)
Choline = trimethylamine + acetaldehyde
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in xylans
[a protein]-serine/threonine phosphate + H(2)O = [a protein]-serine/threonine + phosphate
(S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) = 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH
N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
ATP + (R)-pantoate + beta-alanine = AMP + diphosphate + (R)-pantothenate
Selective cleavage of Gln-|-Gly bond in the poliovirus polyprotein. In other picornavirus reactions Glu may be substituted for Gln, and Ser or Thr for Gly.
Acetyl-CoA + phosphate = CoA + acetyl phosphate
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + H(2)O = L-homocysteine + adenosine
Acetyl-CoA + L-glutamate = CoA + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 5'-phosphate
Acetyl-CoA + D-glucosamine 6-phosphate = CoA + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate
Thiol-dependent hydrolysis of ester, thioester, amide, peptide and isopeptide bonds formed by the C-terminal Gly of ubiquitin (a 76-residue protein attached to proteins as an intracellular targeting signal).
(R)-pantoate + NADP(+) = 2-dehydropantoate + NADPH
Oleoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O = [acyl-carrier-protein] + oleate
Acyl-CoA + 1,2-diacylglycerol = CoA + triacylglycerol
L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO(2)
DNA (containing 4-O-methylthymine) + protein L-cysteine = DNA (without 4-O-methylthymine) + protein S-methyl-L-cysteine
Reduced plastocyanin + oxidized ferredoxin + light = oxidized plastocyanin + reduced ferredoxin
(S)-lactate + NAD(+) = pyruvate + NADH
An ultra-long-chain mono-unsaturated acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = an ultra-long-chain mono-unsaturated 3-oxo-fatty acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + CO(2) + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein]
L-alanine + H(2)O + NAD(+) = pyruvate + NH(3) + NADH
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine
ATP + GTP = AMP + guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5'-triphosphate
H(2) + A = AH(2)
An aldehyde + NAD(P)(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NAD(P)H
Selective cleavage of Tyr-|-Gly bond in picornavirus polyprotein.
An aldehyde + NAD(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NADH
4-(2-carboxyphenyl)-4-oxobutanoyl-CoA = 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoyl-CoA + H(2)O
D-erythro-1-(imidazol-4-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate = 3-(imidazol-4-yl)-2-oxopropyl phosphate + H(2)O
2-phospho-D-glycerate = phosphoenolpyruvate + H(2)O
ATP + L-tyrosine + tRNA(Tyr) = AMP + diphosphate + L-tyrosyl-tRNA(Tyr)
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O
Palmitoyl-CoA + H(2)O = CoA + palmitate
AMP + H(2)O = D-ribose 5-phosphate + adenine
ATP + H(2)O + a folded polypeptide = ADP + phosphate + an unfolded polypeptide
Preferential cleavage: (Ac)(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-|-D-Ala. Also transpeptidation of peptidyl-alanyl moieties that are N-acyl substituents of D-alanine.
5'-deoxyadenosine + H(2)O = 5-deoxy-D-ribose + adenine
NADH + ubiquinone + n Na(+)(Side 1) = NAD(+) + ubiquinol + n Na(+)(Side 2)
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-D-galactosides
Acetyl-CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = acetoacetyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CoA + CO(2)
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate
5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH
(GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n)-diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol = (GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n+1)-diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate
ATP + N-acetyl-L-glutamate = ADP + N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-phosphate
N-carbamoylputrescine + H(2)O = putrescine + CO(2) + NH(3)
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate
NADPH + NAD(+) + H(+)(Side 1) = NADP(+) + H(+)(Side 2) + NADH
- not assigned
Structure analysis Details
homo tetramer (preferred)
Length: 353 amino acids
Theoretical weight: 39.86 KDa
Source organism: Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2
Expression system: Escherichia coli
- Canonical: Q8ZNA1 (Residues: 1-332; Coverage: 100%)
Sequence domains: Aldo/keto reductase family
Structure domains: NADP-dependent oxidoreductase domain