Function and Biology Details
2 ATP = 2 diphosphate + cyclic di-3',5'-adenylate
7,8-dihydroneopterin 3'-triphosphate + H(2)O = 6-carboxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin + acetaldehyde + triphosphate
ATP + D-ribose = ADP + D-ribose 5-phosphate
(1a) [acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase]-S-acyl-L-cyteine + acetyl-CoA = 3-oxoacyl-CoA + [acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase]-L-cyteine
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
(S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate = fumarate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
RH + [reduced NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + O(2) = ROH + [oxidized NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + H(2)O
Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide.
Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low.
(1a) (2R,3S)-3-isopropylmalate = 2-isopropylmaleate + H(2)O
17-alpha-hydroxypregnenolone + [reduced NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + O(2) = 3-beta-hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-one + acetate + [oxidized NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + H(2)O
A phosphate monoester + H(2)O = an alcohol + phosphate
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin
Selective cleavage of Gln-|-Gly bond in the poliovirus polyprotein. In other picornavirus reactions Glu may be substituted for Gln, and Ser or Thr for Gly.
Diphosphate + H(2)O = 2 phosphate
L-lysine + NADPH + O(2) = N(6)-hydroxy-L-lysine + NADP(+) + H(2)O
An acylphosphate + H(2)O = a carboxylate + phosphate
Naphthalene + NADH + O(2) = (1R,2S)-1,2-dihydronaphthalene-1,2-diol + NAD(+)
4 Fe(2+) + 4 H(+) + O(2) = 4 Fe(3+) + 2 H(2)O
GTP + 3 H(2)O = formate + 2,5-diamino-6-hydroxy-4-(5-phospho-D-ribosylamino)pyrimidine + diphosphate
3'-end directed exonucleolytic cleavage of viral RNA-DNA hybrid
4 benzenediol + O(2) = 4 benzosemiquinone + 2 H(2)O
Chorismate = prephenate
L-asparagine + H(2)O = L-aspartate + NH(3)
Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa-|-Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala.
An archaeal dolichyl phosphooligosaccharide + [protein]-L-asparagine = an archaeal dolichyl phosphate + a glycoprotein with the oligosaccharide chain attached by N-beta-D-glycosyl linkage to a protein L-asparagine
Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.
Nitric oxide + H(2)O + ferricytochrome c = nitrite + ferrocytochrome c + 2 H(+)
TSAVLQ-|-SGFRK-NH(2) and SGVTFQ-|-GKFKK the two peptides corresponding to the two self-cleavage sites of the SARS 3C-like proteinase are the two most reactive peptide substrates. The enzyme exhibits a strong preference for substrates containing Gln at P1 position and Leu at P2 position.
Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu-|- and the P1' position is occupied by Gly-|-
ATP + H(2)O + cellular protein(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + cellular protein(Side 2)
(S)-dihydroorotate + fumarate = orotate + succinate
An acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(+) = a trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADH
(R)-10-hydroxystearate = oleate + H(2)O
NTP + H(2)O = NDP + phosphate
D-ribulose 5-phosphate = formate + L-3,4-dihydroxybutan-2-one 4-phosphate
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + glycine + H(2)O = tetrahydrofolate + L-serine
Endohydrolysis of RNA in RNA/DNA hybrids. Three different cleavage modes: 1. sequence-specific internal cleavage of RNA. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and Moloney murine leukemia virus enzymes prefer to cleave the RNA strand one nucleotide away from the RNA-DNA junction. 2. RNA 5'-end directed cleavage 13-19 nucleotides from the RNA end. 3. DNA 3'-end directed cleavage 15-20 nucleotides away from the primer terminus.
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) = 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH
A beta-lactam + H(2)O = a substituted beta-amino acid
2 glutathione + dehydroascorbate = glutathione disulfide + ascorbate
2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H(+) = D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO(2) + H(2)O
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate = (S)-allantoin + CO(2)
S-adenosyl 3-(methylthio)propylamine + putrescine = 5'-S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine + spermidine
D-xylopyranose = D-xylulose
Hydrolysis of proteins to small peptides in the presence of ATP and magnesium. Alpha-Casein is the usual test substrate. In the absence of ATP, only oligopeptides shorter than five residues are hydrolyzed (such as succinyl-Leu-Tyr-|-NHMec; and Leu-Tyr-Leu-|-Tyr-Trp, in which cleavage of the -Tyr-|-Leu- and -Tyr-|-Trp bonds also occurs).
Autocatalytic release of the core protein from the N-terminus of the togavirus structural polyprotein by hydrolysis of a -Trp-|-Ser- bond.
Random hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-mannosidic linkages in mannans, galactomannans and glucomannans
ATP + FMN = diphosphate + FAD
Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
Hydrolyzes glutaminyl bonds, and activity is further restricted by preferences for the amino acids in P6 - P1' that vary with the species of potyvirus, e.g. Glu-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr-Xaa-Gln-|-(Ser or Gly) for the enzyme from tobacco etch virus. The natural substrate is the viral polyprotein, but other proteins and oligopeptides containing the appropriate consensus sequence are also cleaved.
Hydrolyzes a Gly-|-Gly bond at its own C-terminus, commonly in the sequence -Tyr-Xaa-Val-Gly-|-Gly, in the processing of the potyviral polyprotein.
Cutin + H(2)O = cutin monomers
2 phenolic donor + H(2)O(2) = 2 phenoxyl radical of the donor + 2 H(2)O
Peptidylproline (omega=180) = peptidylproline (omega=0)
2 bilirubin + O(2) = 2 biliverdin + 2 H(2)O
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(ribonucleotide)-[mRNA] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5'-(N(7)-methyl 5'-triphosphoguanosine)-(2'-O-methyl-ribonucleotide)-[mRNA]
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose, lichenin and cereal beta-D-glucans
Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides containing three or more (1->4)-alpha-linked D-glucose units
N-carbamoylputrescine + H(2)O = putrescine + CO(2) + NH(3)
Succinate semialdehyde + NAD(P)(+) + H(2)O = succinate + NAD(P)H
ADP-alpha-D-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate = ADP + alpha,alpha-trehalose 6-phosphate
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 5'-phosphate
ATP + riboflavin = ADP + FMN
Thiol-dependent hydrolysis of ester, thioester, amide, peptide and isopeptide bonds formed by the C-terminal Gly of ubiquitin (a 76-residue protein attached to proteins as an intracellular targeting signal).
Preferential cleavage at the carboxyl of hydrophobic amino acids, but fails to cleave 15-Leu-|-Tyr-16, 16-Tyr-|-Leu-17 and 24-Phe-|-Phe-25 of insulin B chain. Activates trypsinogen, and degrades keratin.
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO(2)
DNA (containing 4-O-methylthymine) + protein L-cysteine = DNA (without 4-O-methylthymine) + protein S-methyl-L-cysteine
Acetyl-CoA + H(2)O + oxaloacetate = citrate + CoA
Acetyl-CoA + a 2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic = CoA + N(3)-acetyl-2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic
ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-stranded DNA
L-glutamate + H(2)O + NAD(+) = 2-oxoglutarate + NH(3) + NADH
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine
ATP + thiamine = AMP + thiamine diphosphate
NAD(P)H + a quinone = NAD(P)(+) + a hydroquinone
2'-deoxycytidine + H(2)O = 2'-deoxyuridine + NH(3)
A (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + a UDP-3-O-((3R)-hydroxyacyl)-alpha-D-glucosamine = a UDP-2-N,3-O-bis((3R)-3-hydroxyacyl)-alpha-D-glucosamine + a holo-[acyl-carrier-protein]
5-hydroxyisourate + H(2)O = 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate
Beta-D-ribopyranose = beta-D-ribofuranose
ATP + glycerol = ADP + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
Succinate + a quinone = fumarate + a quinol
GDP-beta-L-fucose + NADP(+) = GDP-4-dehydro-alpha-D-rhamnose + NADPH
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate
N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
Selective cleavage of Tyr-|-Gly bond in picornavirus polyprotein.
Acetyl-CoA + L-serine = CoA + O-acetyl-L-serine
ATP + L-lysine + tRNA(Lys) = AMP + diphosphate + L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys)
A C(21)-steroid + [reduced NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + O(2) = a 17-alpha-hydroxy-C(21)-steroid + [oxidized NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + H(2)O
ATP + H(2)O + a folded polypeptide = ADP + phosphate + an unfolded polypeptide
ATP + L-proline + tRNA(Pro) = AMP + diphosphate + L-prolyl-tRNA(Pro)
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate
5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH
1-haloalkane + H(2)O = a primary alcohol + halide
(GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n)-diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol = (GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala))(n+1)-diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate
Purine deoxynucleoside + phosphate = purine + 2'-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate
Alpha-D-glucose = beta-D-glucose
L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys) + phosphatidylglycerol = tRNA(Lys) + 3-O-L-lysyl-1-O-phosphatidylglycerol
- not assigned
Structure analysis Details
hetero tetramer (preferred)
2 distinct polypeptide molecules
Macromolecules (2 distinct):
Vascular endothelial growth factor A Chains: V, W
Molecule details ›