Opening/conduit between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx[AAO] The choanae are separated by the vomer[WP]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posterior_nasal_apertures AAO:0000093 ]

Synonyms: posterior nasal apperture

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

Subsets

pheno_slim

plural term
choanae [ VHOG:0000545 ]

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/Gray855.png

external definition

One of the paired openings from the nasal cavities into the pharynx. [Bemis_WE, Functional_Anatomy_of_the_Vertebrates:_An_Evolutionary_Perspective, Glossary_G-6, Grande_L, Liem_KF, Third_Edition_(2001)_Orlando_Fla.:_Harcourt_College_Publishers, Walker_WF][VHOG]

Opening between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx.[AAO]

has broad synonym

internal naris

choana

has related synonym

choanae

posterior choana

posterior naris

nasopharyngeal naris

homology notes

The choana, a unique 'internal nostril' opening from the nasal sac into the roof of the mouth, is a key part of the tetrapod (land vertebrate) respiratory system. It was the first component of the tetrapod body plan to evolve, well before the origin of limbs, and is therefore crucial to our understanding of the beginning of the fish-tetrapod transition. (...) Here we present new material of Kenichthys, a 395-million-year-old fossil fish from China, that provides direct evidence for the origin of the choana and establishes its homology: it is indeed a displaced posterior external nostril that, during a brief transitional stage illustrated by Kenichthys, separated the maxilla from the premaxilla.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0004771

taxon notes

In addition to tetrapods, the lungfish has internal nostrils too. In tetrapods the exhalant nostril (choana) empties into the buccal cavity.

Fish don't have choanae, instead they have two pairs of external nostrils

Term relations