A bone that is part of a mesopodial skeleton. [ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6601-2165 ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information


A bone that is part of a mesopodial skeleton.

has exact synonym

mesopodial bone

carpal/tarsal bone

mesopod bone

basipodium bone



taxon notes

The carpus (wrist) and tarsus (ankle) of land vertebrates primitively had three rows of carpal or tarsal bones. Often some of these have become lost or fused in evolution. Three proximals. In the hand humans has all three. In the foot the middle proximal appears in 5-15% of people as an os trigonum. Centrale or os centrale, on the medial side. In humans and our closest relatives the African apes (chimpanzees and gorillas) it fuses to the scaphoid where it forms the articulation with the trapezoid bone; occasionally it stays separate. In Man's foot it is the navicular. Some early land vertebrates had more than one (up to three) os centrale per hand or foot. Distals, one per finger / toe at the base of each metacarpal or metatarsal. In mammals the 4th and 5th fuse. In the horse the 1st is lost