Cranial nerves are nerves that emerge directly from the brain, in contrast to spinal nerves, which emerge from segments of the spinal cord. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cranial_nerve ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

definition

Cranial nerves are nerves that emerge directly from the brain, in contrast to spinal nerves, which emerge from segments of the spinal cord.

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Brain_human_normal_inferior_view_with_labels_en-2.svg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84/Brain_human_normal_inferior_view_with_labels_en.svg

editor note

classified as neural tree organ, not nerve in FMA. CN II poses a challenge here as it is not strictly a nerve, yet is expected to be classified under CN.

external definition

Twelve pairs of cranial nerves exit/enter the cranium through openings in the skull. The nerves contain efferent axons with motor and glandular functions, as well as afferent axons from cranial ganglia with sensory functions. The nerves are numbered in a rostral to caudal sequence, with the exception of the lateral line nerves.[TAO]

external ontology notes

See https://github.com/obophenotype/mouse-anatomy-ontology/issues/6

has exact synonym

cranial neural tree organ

has related synonym

cranial nerves

nervus cranialis

homology notes

We conclude this section by listing some of the many synapomorphies of craniates, including (...) (5) cranial nerves (...).[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0001785