extra-ocular muscleGo to external page http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001601
Skeletal muscle derived from cranial mesoderm and controls eye movements. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extraocular_muscles http://amigo.geneontology.org/amigo/term/GO:0002074 ]
uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core
Skeletal muscle derived from cranial mesoderm and controls eye movements.
Myofibers in extraocular muscles are derived from mesoderm, whereas muscle connective tissue cells arise from neural crest.[PMID:16638982]
todo - resolve discrepancies in which muscles are considered extra-ocular
Any of the six small muscles that control movement of the eyeball within the socket. [TFD][VHOG]
Muscles surrounding the eye (bulbus oculi) and having an effect on eye movements.[AAO]
BTO and MA consider this part of the eye; we follow them here (inferred from skeletal muscle). Not clear if omission from FMA is deliberate.
extrinsic ocular muscle
extraocular skeletal muscle
extrinsic muscle of eyeball
extrinsic eye muscle
extra-ocular skeletal muscle
musculi externi bulbi oculi
The ability to rotate the eyeball is common to all vertebrates with well-developed eyes, regardless of the habitat in which they live, so these (extrinsic ocular) muscles tend to be conservative. They change little during the course of evolution.[well established][VHOG]
Mammals have 7 extra-ocular muscles, but humans lack the M. retractor bulbi.