Round structure consisting of chorionic villi[PMID]. A separation of the decidua basalis of the placenta, separated by placental septa. Each cotyledon consists of a main stem of a chorionic villus as well as its branches and subbranches. The cotyledons receive fetal blood from chorionic vessels, which branch off cotyledon vessels into the cotyledons, which, in turn, branch into capillaries. The cotyledons are surrounded by maternal blood, which can exchange oxygen and nutrients with the fetal blood in the capillaries[WP]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Placental_cotyledon http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19829370 ]

Synonyms: placenta cotyledon

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

depicted by

Placental:cotyledon.png

has broad synonym

cotyledon

has related synonym

discoid placenta

id

UBERON:0010008

taxon notes

in ruminants, this is

Rodents have a single cotyledon (called a discoid placenta), whereas humans have multiple cotyledons, although they are consolidated into a cluster that resembles a single disc[PMID:19829370]