An embryonic cartilaginous frame, the nasal capsule, an evolutionary-conserved structure composed of ventral and dorsal components: the mesethmoid and ectethmoid cartilages, respectively.[PMID]. [ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21270050 ]

Synonyms: cartilaginous nasal capsule

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

editor note

consider splitting this class. Developing cartilage in mammals?

external comment

Development information from Brian Hall, Bones and Cartilage: Developmental Skeletal Biology.[TAO]

external definition

Structure that has both respiratory and olfactory functions and lies anterior to the braincase, in the foremost section of the cranium.[AAO]
Multi-tissue structure that is the connective tissue sheath that surrounds, except for external opening(s) in adult, the olfactory epithelium.[TAO]

external ontology notes

Connective tissue sheath in TAO. Structure that has both respiratory and olfactory functions and lies anterior to the braincase, in the foremost section of the cranium[AAO]. Cartilaginous envelope containing the nasal organ[FishBase]

has narrow synonym

tripartite nasal capsule

id

UBERON:0006332

taxon notes

by the process of folding of the cartilaginous nasal capsule during fetal development, outpouchings of the main nasal chamber become enlarged (primary pneumatization) (Witmer, 1999; Macrini, 2014). The resulting paranasal recesses may or may not expand farther into the bodies of facial and basicranial bones (secondary pneumatization). Histori- cally, the result of these processes, paranasal recesses and sinuses, respectively, have not always been distin- guished (see further discussion in Rossie, 2006). Yet, in either case the nasal fossa becomes subdivided into a central nasal chamber and more peripheral paranasal chambers (Smith et al., 2014; Curtis and Van Valken- burgh, 2014)[PMID:25312359]
In Aves: The nasal capsule is dorsoventrally divided into two parts: the upper part, the ectethmoid, serves olfaction and is composed of the lamina cribosa, the crista galli apophysis and the conchae. The lower part, the mesethmoid, is a thick cartilage bar extending from the corpus sphenoidalis to the rostral extremity of the nose (Fig. 1A-B). In the avian embryo, the mesethmoid constitutes the cartilage primordium of the upper beak.
In most mammals, the nasal capsule remains unossified, except in mammals where the ethmoid portion ossifies to form the turbinates
In avians, the mesethmoid supports upper beak formation, whereas the ectethmoid comprises elements of the olfactory system, including the lamina cribosa, the crista galli apophysis and the conchae.