The glomus forms from the splanchnic intermediate mesoderm and is the vascularized filtration unit, filtering the blood before it enters the tubules. The glomus is external to the nephron and extends over more than one body segment. [ GOC:mtg_kidney_jan10 XAO:0000318 ]

Synonyms: glomerulus of pronephros

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
plural term
glomera [ XAO:0000318 ]

plural term
pronephric glomeruli [ VHOG:0001237 ]

curator notes

a glomus differs from a glomerulus in that each vascular glomus services several tubules

external definition

Paired highly vascularized portion of the pronephros. Left and right glomeruli are fused at the midline. Begins to function between 40 and 48hpf. Drummond, 2000.[TAO]

external ontology notes

GO treats glomus and pronephric glomerulus differently

has alternative id


has related synonym


pronephric glomus

pronephric glomeruli

pronephric glomera


homology notes

The teleost pronephros shares many essential features with the amphibian pronephros including its derivation from mesoderm associated with the coelom and the derivation of the glomerular blood supply from the medial dorsal aorta. However, unlike the pronephros of amphibians, which have an external glomus and tubules with nephrostomes open to the coelom, the mature teleost pronephros has no connection to the body cavity and instead functions as a closed system (reference 1); This variation in nephron types [with external glomeruli that open into the coelom and with internal glomeruli that do not connect with the coelom] and their pattern of distribution suggest an evolutionary sequence. Ancestral craniates probably had an external glomerulus and nephrostomes, as do the first few to develop in very primitive craniates. (...) The mechanism would become more efficient as the coelomic recess into which each glomerulus discharged became a part of the tubule, that is, grew around the glomerulus as a renal capsule. The glomerulus becomes internal. The nephrostomes were lost during subsequent evolution, leaving the type of renal tubule found in most vertebrates (reference 2).[well established][VHOG]