Upper part of skull, consisting of parietals, frontals, post-parietals, and in some species the squamosal and a portion of the alisphenoid [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvaria_(skull) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11523816 MP:0000076 ]

Synonyms: skull vault cranial vault calva

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information



plural term
calvaria [ ZFA:0005606 ]


Terminology notes. we include calvarium as a synonym, but Gray's Anatomy's list includes the Ethmoid and Sphenoid bone in the Calvaria. Some books (and HPO) state that calvaria consists of just the frontal bone, parietal bone, temporal bone, and occipital bone. Note vault may not be precisely equivalent to calvaria

editor note

We follow http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11523816 (Morriss-Kay) in definingenumerating the components of the skull vault. Note that there is a conflict with Kardong; e.g. in fig 7.10, Kardong places the squamosal in the temporal series. We cannot place the vault as entirely part of the dermatocranium as it has a small splanchnocranium contribution and a sclerotomal contribution

has narrow synonym

skull roof

has related synonym




homology notes

The earliest tetrapods arose from rhipidistian ancestors and retained many of their skull features, including most of the bones of the dermatocranium.[well established][VHOG]