The posterior pituitary (or neurohypophysis) comprises the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland and is part of the endocrine system. Despite its name, the posterior pituitary gland is not a gland, per se; rather, it is largely a collection of axonal projections from the hypothalamus that terminate behind the anterior pituitary gland. [WP,unvetted]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurohypophysis#cite_note-1 ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

Subsets

uberon_slim, pheno_slim

latin term
lobus nervosus (Neurohypophysis) [ FMA : TA FMA : 74636 ]
latin term
eminentia postinfundibularis [ NeuroNames : 402 ]
latin term
pars nervosa (neurohypophysis) [ FMA : 74636 FMA : TA ]
latin term
pars posterior of hypophysis [ FMA : 74636 FMA : TA ]
latin term
pars nervosa neurohypophysis [ FMA : TA FMA : 74636 ]
abbreviation
PNHP [ NIFSTD : NeuroNames_abbrevSource BIRNLEX : 941 ]
latin term
pars nervosa (hypophysis) [ FMA : 74636 FMA : TA ]
latin term
eminentia mediana [ NeuroNames : 402 ]
latin term
eminentia medialis (Shantha) [ NeuroNames : 402 ]
definition
  • The posterior pituitary (or neurohypophysis) comprises the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland and is part of the endocrine system. Despite its name, the posterior pituitary gland is not a gland, per se; rather, it is largely a collection of axonal projections from the hypothalamus that terminate behind the anterior pituitary gland. [WP,unvetted].
depicted by
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/Pituitary_gland_representation.PNG
editor note
  • TODO - compare with UBERON:0002198
has broad synonym
  • posterior lobe
  • PNHP
has exact synonym
  • posterior lobe of neurohypophysis
  • lobus nervosus (Neurohypophysis)
  • pars nervosa (hypophysis)
  • pars nervosa of neurohypophysis
  • pars nervosa pituitary gland
  • pars nervosa (neurohypophysis)
  • pars posterior of hypophysis
  • pars nervosa of posterior lobe of pituitary gland
  • pars nervosa of hypophysis
  • pars posterior
  • posterior lobe-3
  • pars nervosa neurohypophysis
  • pars nervosa of pituitary
has related synonym
  • caudal lobe
  • eminentia postinfundibularis
  • lobe caudalis cerebelli
  • medial eminence
  • neural component of pituitary
  • middle lobe
  • eminentia mediana
  • pars nervosa
  • eminentia medialis (Shantha)
homology notes
  • It (the hypophysis) develops embryonically in all vertebrates from two ectodermal evaginations that meet and unite. An infundibulum grows ventrally from the diencephalon of the brain, and Rathke's pouch extends dorsally from the roof of the developing mouth, or stomodaeum. The infundibulum remains connected to the floor of the diencephalon, which becomes the hypothalamus, and gives rise to the part of the gland known as the neurohypophysis. (...) Rathke's pouch loses its connection with the stomodaeum in most adult vertebrates and gives rise to the rest of the gland, the adenohypophysis. (...) A well-developed hypophyseal system with functional connections to the hypothalamus is unique to craniates.[well established][VHOG]
id
  • UBERON:0003217