Upper portion of the skull that excludes the mandible (when present in the organism). [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cranium_(anatomy) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6601-2165 ]

Synonyms: skull minus mandible set of bones of cranium bones of cranium ossa cranii upper part of skull

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information


uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

latin term
ossa cranii [ FMA:71325 FMA:TA ]

external ontology notes

the inclusion of the FMA class here is probably not quite correct, as this class includes as parts sutures, whereas this is not part of the bones of the cranium

has related synonym

skeletal system of head


epicranial plate



terminology notes

The term cranium can be ambiguous, in that it can refer to the neurocranium, or the neurocranium and the Facial skeleton