The hypochord is a transient rod-like structure in the embryos of fish, lampreys and amphibians that is located immediately ventral to the notochord. The hypochord may play a role in positioning the dorsal aorta[GO]. [ http://amigo.geneontology.org/amigo/term/GO:0055016 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10648245 https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=bn%3A0815318960 ]

Synonyms: ipochord subnotochordal rod

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
  • EFO:0003475
  • AAO:0000733
  • VHOG:0000081
  • ZFA:0000031
  • TAO:0000031
  • XAO:0000056
Subsets

efo_slim, dubious_grouping

comment

Unlike in frogs and axolotl, the hypochord does not appear to be endodermally derived[ZFA]. near metamorphosis the hypochord fuses to the coccyx, thereby forming the urostyle[AAO]

external definition

A transient rod-like structure which is endodermally derived and located immediately ventral to the notochord. The hypochord is thought to play a role in positioning the dorsal aorta. Eriksson and Lofberg, 2000.[TAO]

Unsegmented ventral structure in the caudal region of anuran larvae; near metamorphosis the hypochord fuses to the coccyx, thereby forming the urostyle.[AAO]

homology notes

In other words, we identified variations in gene expression patterns that may contribute to a molecular basis of evolutionary variation of axial structures between Teleostei and Mammalia in the determination of body axis. As already mentioned, one such difference is illustrated by the hypochord present in lower vertebrates but absent in higher animals. Perhaps, Tbx-b and Tbx-c are involved in the mechanisms underlying the formation of this organ that were lost during later evolution leading to the disappearance of the hypochord itself, similarly to other organs, such as the lateral line.[uncertain][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0003058