The medial dorsal nucleus (or dorsomedial nucleus of thalamus) is a large nucleus in the thalamus. It receives inputs from the Pre-Frontal Cortex and the Limbic System and in turn relays them to the Pre-Frontal Association Cortex. As a result, it plays a crucial role in attention, planning, organization, abstract thinking, multi-tasking and active memory. The connections of the medial dorsal nucleus have even been used to delineate the prefrontal cortex of the Göttingen minipig brain. By stereology the number of brain cells in the region has been estimated to around 6.43 million neurons in the adult human brain and 36.3 million glial cells, and with the newborn having quite different numbers: around 11.2 million neurons and 10.6 million glial cells. Lesions of the medial dorsal nucleus have been associated with Wernicke's encephalopathy [WP,unvetted]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medial_dorsal_nucleus ]

Synonyms: dorsal medial nucleus of thalamus medial dorsal nucleus of thalamus dorsomedial nucleus of thalamus mediodorsal nucleus of thalamus nucleus dorsomedialis thalami medial nuclear group of thalamus medial dorsal thalamic nucleus mediodorsal thalamic nucleus

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

Subsets

uberon_slim

latin term
nucleus thalamicus mediodorsalis [ NeuroNames:312 ]

latin term
nucleus medialis dorsalis thalami [ NeuroNames:312 ]

latin term
nuclei mediales (thalami) [ NeuroNames:312 ]

latin term
nucleus medialis dorsalis (Hassler) [ NeuroNames:312 ]

comment

Editor node: consider generic medial nuclear group and adding medioventral as sibling of this

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/ThalamicNuclei.png

has broad synonym

mediodorsal nucleus
nucleus medialis dorsalis
medial thalamic nucleus
medial nuclear group
dorsomedial nucleus
medial thalamic nuclei
medial dorsal nucleus
dorsomedial nuclear group

has related synonym

medial thalamic nuclear group
nucleus medialis dorsalis (Hassler)
dorsal thalamus medial division
nucleus thalamicus mediodorsalis
nucleus mediodorsalis thalami
mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus
nucleus medialis dorsalis thalami
nuclei mediales (thalami)
medial group of the dorsal thalamus

id

UBERON:0002739