The medial dorsal nucleus (or dorsomedial nucleus of thalamus) is a large nucleus in the thalamus. It receives inputs from the Pre-Frontal Cortex and the Limbic System and in turn relays them to the Pre-Frontal Association Cortex. As a result, it plays a crucial role in attention, planning, organization, abstract thinking, multi-tasking and active memory. The connections of the medial dorsal nucleus have even been used to delineate the prefrontal cortex of the Göttingen minipig brain. By stereology the number of brain cells in the region has been estimated to around 6.43 million neurons in the adult human brain and 36.3 million glial cells, and with the newborn having quite different numbers: around 11.2 million neurons and 10.6 million glial cells. Lesions of the medial dorsal nucleus have been associated with Wernicke's encephalopathy [WP,unvetted]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medial_dorsal_nucleus ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

Subsets

uberon_slim

latin term
nucleus thalamicus mediodorsalis [ NeuroNames:312 ]

latin term
nuclei mediales (thalami) [ NeuroNames:312 ]

latin term
nucleus medialis dorsalis (Hassler) [ NeuroNames:312 ]

latin term
nucleus medialis dorsalis thalami [ NeuroNames:312 ]

comment

Editor node: consider generic medial nuclear group and adding medioventral as sibling of this

definition

The medial dorsal nucleus (or dorsomedial nucleus of thalamus) is a large nucleus in the thalamus. It receives inputs from the Pre-Frontal Cortex and the Limbic System and in turn relays them to the Pre-Frontal Association Cortex. As a result, it plays a crucial role in attention, planning, organization, abstract thinking, multi-tasking and active memory. The connections of the medial dorsal nucleus have even been used to delineate the prefrontal cortex of the Göttingen minipig brain. By stereology the number of brain cells in the region has been estimated to around 6.43 million neurons in the adult human brain and 36.3 million glial cells, and with the newborn having quite different numbers: around 11.2 million neurons and 10.6 million glial cells. Lesions of the medial dorsal nucleus have been associated with Wernicke's encephalopathy [WP,unvetted].

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/ThalamicNuclei.png

has broad synonym

mediodorsal nucleus

nucleus medialis dorsalis

medial thalamic nucleus

medial nuclear group

dorsomedial nucleus

medial thalamic nuclei

dorsomedial nuclear group

medial dorsal nucleus

has exact synonym

dorsal medial nucleus of thalamus

medial dorsal nucleus of thalamus

dorsomedial nucleus of thalamus

mediodorsal nucleus of thalamus

nucleus dorsomedialis thalami

medial nuclear group of thalamus

medial dorsal thalamic nucleus

mediodorsal thalamic nucleus

has related synonym

medial thalamic nuclear group

nucleus medialis dorsalis (Hassler)

dorsal thalamus medial division

nucleus thalamicus mediodorsalis

mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus

nucleus mediodorsalis thalami

nucleus medialis dorsalis thalami

nuclei mediales (thalami)

medial group of the dorsal thalamus

id

UBERON:0002739