One of a series of paired bulges that develop along the lateral walls of the foregut. The pharyngeal arches have developmental contributions from endoderm, mesoderm, and neural crest cells and are separated by anterior lateral endoderm out-pockets known as pharyngeal pouches. [ http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6601-2165 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16313389 ]

Synonyms: pharyngeal arches

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Gray41.png

external definition

One of a series of bony or cartilaginous arches that develop in the walls of the mouth cavity and pharynx of the embryo.[AAO]

has narrow synonym

branchial arch

has related synonym

arcus pharyngei

visceral arch

homology notes

A conserved feature of all vertebrate embryos is the presence of a series of bulges on the lateral surface of the head, the pharyngeal arches; it is within these structures that the nerves, muscles and skeletal components of the pharyngeal apparatus are laid down.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0002539

terminology notes

Numbered cranial to caudal. different in mammals. branchial arch = ZFA:0001613 pharyngeal arch 3-7. generally gill arch 1 = pharyngeal arch 3. terminology varies as to whether branchial arch follows gill or pharyngeal numbering