Either of a pair of complex endocrine organs near the anterior medial border of the kidney consisting of a mesodermal cortex that produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that produces epinephrine and norepinephrine[BTO]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrenal_gland http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0000047 ]

Synonyms: glandula suprarenalis glandula adrenalis

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, pheno_slim, organ_slim

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Illu_endocrine_system.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9d/Illu_endocrine_system_New.png

external definition

Anatomical structure which is found on the surface of the kidney and secretes various hormones including epinephrine, norephinephrine, aldosterone, corticosterone, and cortisol.[AAO]

function notes

suprarenal cortex manufactures corticosteroids; suprarenal medulla manufactures epinephrine and norepinephrine; suprarenal medulla receives preganglionic sympathetic innervation from the greater thoracic splanchnic n.

has related synonym

glandula suprarenalis
suprarenal capsule
interrenal gland
adrenal capsule
epinephric gland
adrenal
atrabiliary capsule
adrenal medulla cell
epinephros
suprarenal gland

homology notes

All craniates have groups of cells homologous to the mammalian adrenocortical and chromaffin tissues, but they are scattered in and near the kidneys in fishes. (...) The cortical and chromaffin tissues come together to form adrenal glands in tetrapods.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0002369

taxon notes

The origin of the adrenal gland is still controversial. It is thought to share the same origin as the kidney and gonads, derived from coelomic epithelium of the urogenital ridge and/or the underlying mesenchyme (Keegan and Hammer, 2002; Morohashi, 1997). We follow Kardong and state homology at the level of the cortex and medulla rather than gland as a whole