The glandular, anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes including stress, growth, and reproduction[WP]. The anterior lobe of the hypophysis (pituitary gland). This lobe contains cells that produce prolactin, growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and proopiomelanocortin[ZFA]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenohypophysis http://zfin.org/curator ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

latin term
lobus anterior hypophysis [ FMA : 74627 FMA : TA ]
latin term
lobus anterior [ NeuroNames : 407 ]
abbreviation
AHP [ BIRNLEX : 1581 NIFSTD : NeuroNames_abbrevSource ]
latin term
lobus anterior (glandula pituitaria) [ FMA : TA FMA : 74627 ]
definition
  • The glandular, anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes including stress, growth, and reproduction[WP]. The anterior lobe of the hypophysis (pituitary gland). This lobe contains cells that produce prolactin, growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and proopiomelanocortin[ZFA].
depicted by
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/Gray1181.png
external definition
  • The anterior lobe of the hypophysis (pituitary gland). This lobe contains cells that produce prolactin, growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and proopiomelanocortin. In contrast to mamalian vertebrates, the adenohypophysis remains in a subepithelial position and there exists no equivalent of Rathke's pouch in zebrafish. Herzog et al, 2004.[TAO]
  • Region of the pituitary gland derived from the buccal protrusion consisting of three regions.[AAO]
has exact synonym
  • lobus anterior hypophysis
  • anterior lobe of pituitary
  • anterior hypophysis
  • anterior lobe (hypophysis)
  • anterior pituitary
  • anterior lobe of pituitary gland
  • pituitary gland, anterior lobe
  • anterior lobe of hypophysis
  • lobus anterior (glandula pituitaria)
has related synonym
  • anterior pituitary gland
  • pituitary glandanterior lobe
  • anterior lobe of the pituitary
  • cranial lobe
  • lobus anterior
  • rostral lobe
  • pituitary anterior lobe
homology notes
  • It (the hypophysis) develops embryonically in all vertebrates from two ectodermal evaginations that meet and unite. An infundibulum grows ventrally from the diencephalon of the brain, and Rathke's pouch extends dorsally from the roof of the developing mouth, or stomodaeum. The infundibulum remains connected to the floor of the diencephalon, which becomes the hypothalamus, and gives rise to the part of the gland known as the neurohypophysis. (...) Rathke's pouch loses its connection with the stomodaeum in most adult vertebrates and gives rise to the rest of the gland, the adenohypophysis. (...) A well-developed hypophyseal system with functional connections to the hypothalamus is unique to craniates.[well established][VHOG]
id
  • UBERON:0002196
taxon notes
  • While in most basal fish and tetrapods the adenohypophyseal anlagen invaginates to form Rathke's pouch, in teleost fish the adenohypophyseal placode does not invaginate but rather maintains its initial organization forming a solid structure in the head[NCBIBook:NBK53175].
  • In contrast to mammalian vertebrates, the adenohypophysis remains in a subepithelial position and there exists no equivalent of Rathke's pouch in zebrafish