The glandular, anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes including stress, growth, and reproduction[WP]. The anterior lobe of the hypophysis (pituitary gland). This lobe contains cells that produce prolactin, growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and proopiomelanocortin[ZFA]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenohypophysis http://zfin.org/curator ]

Synonyms: anterior lobe of hypophysis lobus anterior hypophysis anterior pituitary pituitary gland, anterior lobe lobus anterior (glandula pituitaria) anterior lobe of pituitary gland anterior lobe (hypophysis) anterior hypophysis anterior lobe of pituitary

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

latin term
lobus anterior (glandula pituitaria) [ FMA:TA FMA:74627 ]

latin term
lobus anterior [ NeuroNames:407 ]

abbreviation
AHP [ BIRNLEX:1581 NIFSTD:NeuroNames_abbrevSource ]

latin term
lobus anterior hypophysis [ FMA:74627 FMA:TA ]

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/Gray1181.png

external definition

Region of the pituitary gland derived from the buccal protrusion consisting of three regions.[AAO]
The anterior lobe of the hypophysis (pituitary gland). This lobe contains cells that produce prolactin, growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and proopiomelanocortin. In contrast to mamalian vertebrates, the adenohypophysis remains in a subepithelial position and there exists no equivalent of Rathke's pouch in zebrafish. Herzog et al, 2004.[TAO]

has related synonym

cranial lobe
lobus anterior
pituitary anterior lobe
anterior pituitary gland
anterior lobe of the pituitary
pituitary glandanterior lobe
rostral lobe

homology notes

It (the hypophysis) develops embryonically in all vertebrates from two ectodermal evaginations that meet and unite. An infundibulum grows ventrally from the diencephalon of the brain, and Rathke's pouch extends dorsally from the roof of the developing mouth, or stomodaeum. The infundibulum remains connected to the floor of the diencephalon, which becomes the hypothalamus, and gives rise to the part of the gland known as the neurohypophysis. (...) Rathke's pouch loses its connection with the stomodaeum in most adult vertebrates and gives rise to the rest of the gland, the adenohypophysis. (...) A well-developed hypophyseal system with functional connections to the hypothalamus is unique to craniates.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0002196

taxon notes

In contrast to mammalian vertebrates, the adenohypophysis remains in a subepithelial position and there exists no equivalent of Rathke's pouch in zebrafish
While in most basal fish and tetrapods the adenohypophyseal anlagen invaginates to form Rathke's pouch, in teleost fish the adenohypophyseal placode does not invaginate but rather maintains its initial organization forming a solid structure in the head[NCBIBook:NBK53175].