The first part of the small intestine. At the junction of the stomach and the duodenum the alimentary canal is inflected. The duodenum first goes anteriorly for a short distance, turns dorsally, and eventually caudally, thus it is a U-shaped structure with two horizontal sections (a ventral and a dorsal one). [ https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=bn%3A0815318960 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duodenum ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
  • galen:Duodenum
  • BTO:0000365
  • EMAPA:18852
  • VHOG:0000052
  • CALOHA:TS-0214
  • MESH:A03.492.411.620.270
  • MIAA:0000044
  • UMLS:C0013303 (ncithesaurus:Duodenum)
  • Wikipedia:Duodenum
  • FMA:7206
  • EFO:0000851
  • MAT:0000044
  • SCTID:181247007
  • XAO:0000236
  • AAO:0010402
  • EV:0100073
  • NCIT:C12263
  • MA:0000338
  • GAID:284
  • OpenCyc:Mx4rv4LJDpwpEbGdrcN5Y29ycA
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

definition

The first part of the small intestine. At the junction of the stomach and the duodenum the alimentary canal is inflected. The duodenum first goes anteriorly for a short distance, turns dorsally, and eventually caudally, thus it is a U-shaped structure with two horizontal sections (a ventral and a dorsal one).

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/Tractus_intestinalis_duodenum.svg

external definition

The fixed portion of the small intestine deeply lodged in the posterior wall of the abdomen and extending from the pylorus to the beginning of the jejunum. [Dorian_AF, Elsevier's_encyclopaedic_dictionary_of_medicine, Part_B:_Anatomy_(1988)_Amsterdam_etc.:_Elsevier][VHOG]

has related synonym

upper intestine

proximal intestine

id

UBERON:0002114

never in taxon

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCBITaxon_7955

taxon notes

In humans, the duodenum is a hollow jointed tube about 10-15 inches (25-38 centimetres) long connecting the stomach to the jejunum. It begins with the duodenal bulb and ends at the ligament of Treitz.

In fish, the divisions of the small intestine are not as clear, and the terms anterior intestine or proximal intestine may be used instead of duodenum.