- UMLS:C0005388 (ncithesaurus:Bile)
vital aqueous secretion of the liver that is formed by hepatocytes and modified down stream by absorptive and secretory properties of the bile duct epithelium.
many hormones and pheromones are excreted in bile, and contribute to growth and development of the intestine in some species and provide attractants for the weaning of non-human vertebrates
major excretory route for potentially harmful exogenous lipophilic substances
protects the organism from enteric infections by excreting immune globulin A (IgA), inflammatory cytokines, and stimulating the innate immune system in the intestine
bile salts function to emulsify dietary fats and facilitate their intestinal absorption
aids the process of digestion of lipids in the small intestine
elimination of cholesterol
In many species, bile is stored in the gallbladder and upon eating is discharged into the duodenum.