Subcortical brain region consisting of paired gray matter bodies in the dorsal diencephalon and forming part of the lateral wall of the third ventricle of the brain. The thalamus represents the major portion of the diencephalon and is commonly divided into cellular aggregates known as nuclear groups.(MeSH). The dorsal topographic division of the interbrain. The macrodissected adult human thalamus was clearly illustrated by Vesalius in 1543 and the term as defined here was introduced by His in 1893. It includes the traditional epithalamus, dorsal thalamus, and ventral thalamus of Herrick (1910, pp. 494, 498). Also see Kuhlenbeck (1927, Ch. 9) and Jones (1985, p. 87). [ ]

Synonyms: wider thalamus

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

latin term
thalamencephalon [ NeuroNames:300 ]

abbreviation
Th [ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23375746 NIFSTD:NeuroNames_abbrevSource BIRNLEX:954 ]

plural term
thalami [ VHOG:0000657 ]

latin term
thalamus opticus [ NeuroNames:300 ]

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Brain_chrischan_thalamus.jpg

external definition

Part of the diencephalon consisting of a mass of connecting fibers which relay sensory information to the cerebral cortex.[AAO]
One of a pair of large oval nervous structures made of gray matter and forming most of the lateral walls of the third ventricle of the brain and part of the diencephalon. [TFD][VHOG]

has broad synonym

Th
thalamus

has related synonym

thalamus opticus
thalamencephalon
thalami

homology notes

(...) the brain regions of tetrapods, the structures they contain, and their basic organizational features are the same as in fishes.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0001897