A bone which is fused with the temporal bone in many mammals and forms part of the cheek region articulating with quadrate and pterygoid in other vertebrates. [ MP:0004423 https://github.com/obophenotype/uberon/issues/122 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squamosal_bone http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squama_temporalis ]

Synonyms: temporal bone squamous part squamosal bone squamosal os squamosum pars squamosa ossis temporalis pars squamosa (os temporale) squamous bone squamosum squama temporalis

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

Subsets

pheno_slim

latin term
pars squamosa ossis temporalis [ FMA:TA FMA:52883 ]

latin term
os squamosum

contributor

https://github.com/cmungall

https://github.com/mellybelly

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/eb/Skull_synapsida_1.png

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Gray144.png

editor note

consider separate class for squamosal OR making squamosal the primary label

external definition

Paired, intramembranous bones that lie at the posterolateral margins of the skull. Lateral and dorsal to the quadrate.[AAO]

The squamosal bone is part of the dermatocranium in early tetrapods and becomes part of the mammalian occipital and temporal bones. [Bemis_WE, Functional_Anatomy_of_the_Vertebrates:_An_Evolutionary_Perspective, Grande_L, Third_Edition_(2001)_Orlando_Fla.:_Harcourt_College_Publishers, Walker_WF, p.246, see_Liem_KF][VHOG]

has related synonym

squama

squama temporalis

id

UBERON:0001695

taxon notes

The squamosal bone, which is homologous with the squama, and forms the side of the cranium in many bony fish and tetrapods. Primitively, it is a flattened plate-like bone, but in many animals it is narrower in form, for example, where it forms the boundary between the two temporal fenestrae of diapsid reptiles