A horseshoe shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind. [WP,modified]. [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyoid_bone ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, pheno_slim

axiom lost from external ontology

relationship loss: part_of hyoid plate (AAO:0000664)[AAO]

definition

A horseshoe shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind. [WP,modified].

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/Gray186.png

external definition

Paired processes that extend posterolaterally from the posterior margin of the hyoid plate. These processes are the ossified posteromedial processes and invest the laryngeal apparatus.[AAO]

has related synonym

os hyoideum

lingual bone

hyoideum

hyoid

hyoid bone

id

UBERON:0001685

taxon notes

The hyoid bone is derived from the lower half of the second gill arch in fish, which separates the first gill slit from the spiracle. In many animals, it also incorporates elements of other gill arches, and has a correspondingly greater number of cornua. Amphibians and reptiles may have many cornua, while mammals (including humans) have two pairs, and birds only one. In birds, and some reptiles, the body of the hyoid is greatly extended forward, creating a solid bony support for the tongue. The howler monkey Alouatta has a pneumatized hyoid bone, one of the few cases of postcranial pneumatization of bones outside Saurischia.