Cranial nerve that innervates the muscles of the tongue. [ VHOG:0000693 ]

Synonyms: hypoglossal nerve tree hypoglossal nerve [XII] hypoglossal XII nerve hypoglossal XII cranial nerve XII twelfth cranial nerve nervus hypoglossus [xii]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference

uberon_slim, pheno_slim

12n [ NIFSTD:NeuroNames_abbrevSource BIRNLEX:820 ]

latin term
nervus hypoglossus [xii] [ FMA:TA FMA:50871 ]

latin term
nervi hypoglossalis [ NeuroNames:704 ]

depicted by

dubious for taxon

external definition

Cranial nerve that innervates muscles in the tongue. [Bemis_WE, Functional_Anatomy_of_the_Vertebrates:_An_Evolutionary_Perspective, Glossary_G-14, Grande_L, Liem_KF, Third_Edition_(2001)_Orlando_Fla.:_Harcourt_College_Publishers, Walker_WF][VHOG]

In amphibians, represents the hypoglossal nerve in amniotes. Innverates mm. geniohyoideus, genioglossus, hyoglossus, rectus cervicis

Nerve which innervates the muscles associated with the tongue including mm geniohyoideus, genioglossus, hyoglossus and rectus cervicis.[AAO]

external ontology notes

we use a broad definition of this cranial nerve that encompasses the amphibian predecessor of true amniote hypoglossal nerves

has related synonym

hypoglossal nerve/ root


nervus hypoglossus

nerve XII

nervi hypoglossalis

homology notes

Cranial nerves XI and XII evolved in the common ancestor to amniotes (non-amphibian tetrapods) thus totalling twelve pairs.[well established][VHOG]