Cranial nerve that has three branches - the ophthalmic (supplying the skin of the nose and upper jaw), the maxillary and the mandibular (supplying the lower jaw). [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trigeminal_nerve https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=bn%3A0471209627 ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

abbreviation
5n [ NIFSTD : NeuroNames_abbrevSource BIRNLEX : 869 ]
latin term
nervus trigeminus [v] [ FMA : 50866 FMA : TA ]
definition
  • Cranial nerve that has three branches - the ophthalmic (supplying the skin of the nose and upper jaw), the maxillary and the mandibular (supplying the lower jaw).
depicted by
  • https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/Gray778_Trigeminal.png
external definition
  • Nerve consists of motor and sensory components. Ganglion cells of the sensory component form the proximal part of the trigeminal (Gasserian) ganglion. From the ganglion 3 major rami innervate jaws, snout, and buccal roof.[AAO]
has exact synonym
  • nervus trigeminus [v]
  • trigeminal v nerve
  • trigeminal nerve tree
  • nervus trigeminus
  • trigeminal nerve [V]
  • fifth cranial nerve
  • trigeminal V
has related synonym
  • nerve V
  • nervus trigeminus
  • cranial nerve V
  • CN-V
  • trigeminus
homology notes
  • We conclude this section by listing some of the many synapomorphies of craniates, including (...) (5) cranial nerves (...) (reference 1); Phylogenetically, the cranial nerves are thought to have evolved from dorsal and ventral nerves of a few anterior spinal nerves that became incorporated into the braincase. Dorsal and ventral nerves fuse in the trunk but not in the head, and they produce two series: dorsal cranial nerves (V, VII, IX, and X) and ventral cranial nerves (III, IV, VI, and XIII) (reference 2).[well established][VHOG]
id
  • UBERON:0001645
taxon notes
  • the ophthalmic usually usually merges with the other two. In some vertebrates, the ophthalmic emerges from the brain separately[Kardong] The trigeminal nerve has 3 branches in mammals - similar branches are present in nonmammalian vertebrates, but in some a separate profundus nerve that corresponds to opthalmic branch in mammls