The basic functional unit of the kidney. its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. A nephron eliminates wastes from the body, regulates blood volume and blood pressure, controls levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulates blood pH. Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone.[WP]. [ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9268568 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephron ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

Subsets

uberon_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core, human_reference_atlas

definition
  • The basic functional unit of the kidney. its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. A nephron eliminates wastes from the body, regulates blood volume and blood pressure, controls levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulates blood pH. Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone.[WP].
depicted by
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Gray1128.png
editor note
  • kidney terms require review for cross-vertebrate compatibility and developmental relationships.
external definition
  • Functional unit of the kidney that filters waste.[TAO]
has narrow synonym
  • mature nephron
has related synonym
  • tubulus renalis
  • nephroneum
id
  • UBERON:0001285
present in taxon
  • http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCBITaxon_9606
taxon notes
  • In the avian kidney, three types of nephron are identified: mammalian-type nephrons with long and short loops of Henle, and reptilian type nephrons (Gambaryan, 1992)