The part of the stomach attached to the esophagus. The cardia begins immediately distal to the z-line of the gastroeosphageal junction, where the squamous epithelium of the esophagus gives way to the columnar epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract[WP] [ http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0000198 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardia ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

pheno_slim

latin term
pars cardiaca gastricae [ FMA:14561 FMA:TA ]

definition

The part of the stomach attached to the esophagus. The cardia begins immediately distal to the z-line of the gastroeosphageal junction, where the squamous epithelium of the esophagus gives way to the columnar epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract[WP]

depicted by

Illu:stomach.jpg

editor note

There were previously conflicting statements in the academic anatomy community[10][11][12] over whether the cardia is part of the stomach, part of the esophagus or a distinct entity. Modern surgical and medical textbooks have agreed that 'The gastric cardia is now clearly considered to be part of the stomach'[13][14]. Classical anatomy textbooks, and some other resources[15], describe the cardia as the first of 4 regions of the stomach. This makes sense histologically because the mucosa of the cardia is the same as that of the stomach[WP]

We follow Kardong in defining stomach regions by glands.

has alternative id

UBERON:0004712

has exact synonym

gastric cardia

pars cardiaca (gaster)

cardial part of stomach

pars cardiaca gastricae

stomach cardiac region

has related synonym

cardiac orifice

cardiac region

cardial orifice

cardiac antrum

antrum cardiacum

id

UBERON:0001162