The parasympathetic nervous system is one of the two divisions of the vertebrate autonomic nervous system. Parasympathetic nerves emerge cranially as pre ganglionic fibers from oculomotor, facial, glossopharyngeal and vagus and from the sacral region of the spinal cord. Most neurons are cholinergic and responses are mediated by muscarinic receptors. The parasympathetic system innervates, for example: salivary glands, thoracic and abdominal viscera, bladder and genitalia[GO]. [ http://amigo.geneontology.org/amigo/term/GO:0048486 ]

Synonyms: pars parasympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi PNS - parasympathetic parasympathetic part of autonomic division of nervous system

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference
Subsets

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

latin term
pars parasympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasympathetic_nervous_system ]

latin term
pars parasympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi [ FMA:9907 FMA:TA ]

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f7/Gray839.png

external definition

Part of the autonomic nervous system which has opposing physiological effects of the sympathetic nervous system. Examples include decreasing the heart rate or dilating the blood vessels.[AAO]

has related synonym

pars parasympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi

homology notes

In mammals, the autonomic nervous system is divided into two contrasting, antagonistic systems of control over visceral activity: the sympathetic system and the parasympathetic system (reference 1); In general, the teleosts may be considered phylogenetically the first class of vertebrates in which the heart is regulated by both sympathetic and parasympathetic neural pathways (reference 2).[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0000011