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American trypanosomiasis

^ http://www.orpha.net/ORDO/Orphanet_3386


American trypanosomiasis, commonly known as Chagas disease (ChD), is a tropical disease mainly found in latin America and transmitted by triatomine insects (mostly Triatoma infestans and Rhodnius prolixus and Panstrongylus megistus) harboring the hemoflagellate protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. The disease is characterized by an acute phase which is either asymptomatic or manifest with fever, inflammation at the inoculation site (inoculation chancre or chagoma), unilateral palpebral edema called the Romaña sign (when the triatomine bite occurs near the eye), enlarged lymph nodes, and splenomegaly. The chronic phase is lifelong and development of chagasic cardiomyopathy (30%; complex arrhythmias, heart failure, and thromboembolic events), digestive (10%; megaoesophagus and megacolon), neurological (10%; stroke, peripheral neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction), or mixed alterations (10%) may be observed. These can all lead to high morbidity and mortality rates.

Synonyms: Chagas disease

Term info

database cross reference
  • ICD-10:B57.5 (BTNT (broader term maps to a narrower term))
  • ICD-10:B57.1 (BTNT (broader term maps to a narrower term))
  • UMLS:C0041234 (E (exact mapping (the terms and the concepts are equivalent)))
  • ICD-10:B57.4 (BTNT (broader term maps to a narrower term))
  • ICD-10:B57.2 (BTNT (broader term maps to a narrower term))
  • ICD-10:B57.0 (BTNT (broader term maps to a narrower term))
  • ICD-10:B57.3 (BTNT (broader term maps to a narrower term))
  • MedDRA:10001935 (E (exact mapping (the terms and the concepts are equivalent)))
hasDbXref

UMLS:C0041234, MedDRA:10001935, ICD-10:B57.3, ICD-10:B57.2, ICD-10:B57.5, ICD-10:B57.4, ICD-10:B57.1, ICD-10:B57.0

notation

ORPHA:3386