A class of soluble glycoproteins which act nonenzymatically through specific receptors to regulate immune responses. Cytokines are derived from both immune and non-immune cells and are intercellular mediators that differ from hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. [ NCI ]

Synonyms: cytokine Cytokines Cytokine

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Term information

Subsets

NCIT_C116977, NCIT_C142800, NCIT_C142799

ALT DEFINITION

A substance that is made by cells of the immune system. Some cytokines can boost the immune response and others can suppress it. Cytokines can also be made in the laboratory by recombinant DNA technology and used in the treatment of various diseases, including cancer.

Display Name

Cytokine

Preferred Name

Cytokine

Semantic Type

Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein

Immunologic Factor

UMLS CUI

C0079189

code

C20464