JSON

Gazetteer

A gazetteer constructed on ontological principles

Ontology info

Ontology id: gaz
Version: 01-08-2017
Number of terms: 665850
Last loaded: Tue Aug 01 03:59:56 BST 2017

date

23:12:2013 14:47

saved-by

michaelashburner

default-namespace

file:/Users/michaelashburner/Desktop/gaz/gaz.obo

auto-generated-by

OBO-Edit 2.3-beta5

comment

Slovakia: Protected areas: http://uzemia.enviroportal.sk/

General: Second Administrative Level Boundaries: http://www.unsalb.org/

UK: Lakes: http://www.uklakes.net/

Glaciers: World Glacier Inventory: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/noaa/g01130_glacier_inventory/

Wetlands: International Water Management Instituteh: http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/wetlands/WetlandDir.asp

Oceans & Seas: 3rd edition: www.iho-ohi.net/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S23_1953.pdf

Japan: General: http://www.gsi.go.jp/EN/pape_e300284.html

of those who contribute to this invaluable resource. In addition, a number of other sources have been

Caves, show caves: http://www.showcaves.com/english/

Version 2 of August 7 2011.

Australia: Great Barrier Reef: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/

UK: Caves: http://ukcaving.com/wiki/index.php/

Comments etc to Michael Ashburner, ma11@gen.cam.ac.uk

Undersea features: General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans: http://www.gebco.net/data_and_products/undersea_feature_names/

Antarctic: http://apple.arcoveggio.enea.it/SCAR_GAZE

Swaziland: Administrative divisions: http://www.sahims.net/gis/Sahims_Gis_Data/Swaziland%20admin%203.htm

General: Toponymic Guidelines: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/UNGEGN/wgGuidelines.html

Administrative regions: Statoids: www.statoids.com/

Scotland: general: Scotland: The Gazetteer for Scotland. Scotland: http://www.scottish-places.info/

Bourkina Faso: Administrative areas: http://www.inforoute-communale.gov.bf/list_vill/liste_vill.htm

Ireland: Haug, Gazetteer of Ireland: www.ntnu.no/ub/formidl/utgivelser/til_opplysning/to_nr16.pdf

Deepsea: Yancey, Deep=Sea Biology: http://people.whitman.edu/~yancey/deepsea.html

General: NGIA: http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/namefiles.htm

US, CA: rivers: http://museumca.org/creeks/

US: Yellowstone, Hydrothermal features: http://www.rcn.montana.edu/resources/?nav=11

Tanzania: Wards: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/census/

Volcanic features: Smithsonian Institution - Global Volcanism Program: http://www.volcano.si.edu/index.cfm

US: INCITS38:2009, Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Insular Areas of the United States [INCITS38]

Singapore: http://www.zrc-sazu.si/ungegn/toponymi.htm

Lakes: World Lake Database: http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/

Mountains & Mountain Chains: PEAKBAGGER: http://www.peakbagger.com/

US: General: http://geonames.usgs.gov/domestic/download_data.htm.

Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Place Names: http://miljo.npolar.no/placenames/pages/searchE.asp

Arctic: IBRU. http://www.dur.ac.uk/ibru/resources/arctic/

England & Wales: Coasts: Steers, Coastline of England & Wales, 2nd ed. 1969. [ISBN:0521065488]

Oceans, Vent fields: InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields. http://www.interridge.org/

Philippines, Administrative areas: http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/listreg.asp

UK & former Empire: Naval ports: http://www.gwpda.org/naval/dkbk0000.htm

Mexico: Municipalities: http://www.e-local.gob.mx/wb2/ELOCAL/ELOC_Enciclopedia

Zimbabwe" Administrative regions: www.law.co.zw/index.php/defence.../155-names-alteration-act.html

General: The Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use: http://www.pcgn.org.uk/

UK: Coal mines etc: http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/index_a.htm

UK: Placenames: Gazetteer of British Placenames: http://www.gazetteer.co.uk/

Scotland: An Encyclopedia of Places and Landscape." Compiled by D. Munro. [ISBN:04724666]

Australia: Placenames: http://www.ga.gov.au/map/names/

Islands: UNEP Islands: http://islands.unep.ch/

Czech protected areas: http://www.cittadella.cz/europarc/index.php?p=index&site=default_enremark: General: Geonames: http://www.geonames.org/

This is an alpha version and is only for experimental implementation.

US: Protected areas: http://www.wilderness.net/

Antarctic: Bulgarian antarctic Gazetteer: http://id-team.org/apc/Apcbg-Web-New_files/gazet.htm

Acknowledgements and sources: A large number of sources have been, and are being, used to build gaz.obo. By far

India: Wetlands: http://envfor.nic.in/divisions/csurv/Wetland%20Inventory.pdf

Scotland: Coasts: Steers, Coastline of Scotland, 1973. [ISBN:9780521086967]

Antarctic: Antarctic Place-names Committee; http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/apc/

Iceland: Halfdanarson (Ed) The Visitor's Key to Iceland. Reykjavik, 1999 (English edition). [ISBN:9979877227]

Antarctic: http://geonames.usgs.gov/antform.html

Mines: MINDAT: http://www.mindat.org/

US: Hot sprinngs: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?op_0=eq&v_0=&op_1=l&v_1=&op_2=l&v_2=&t=100006&s=1&d=1

Australia: Rivers: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/vegetation/MajorRivers.htm#lcma

Meglithic sites: http://www.megalithic.co.uk/

World Heritage Sites: UN http://whc.unesco.org/en/list: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list

UK: Ports: http://www.abports.co.uk/

Oceans and Seas: 4th edition: [IHO:Limits of Oceans and Seas, 1986 (Draft 4th edition)]

General: Columbia Gazetteer: http://www.columbiagazetteer.org/main/Home.html

Greenland: Haug, Gazetteer of Greenland. http://www.ntnu.no/ub/formidl/utgivelser/til_opplysning/to_nr15.php

General: Maps: Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/

France: rivers: SANDRE: http://sandre.eaufrance.fr

Wetlands: The Wetlands Database: http://www.wetlands.or.id/wdb/wdb.php

Antarctica & Southern Oceans: Stonehouse (ed) Encyclopedia of Antractica and the Southern Oceans. J. Wiley, 2002. [ISBN:0471986658]

England Fen waterways: Blair, Fenland Waterways of the Middle Level. Imray Laurie Norie, 2009. [ISBN:9781846231896]

Coral Reefs: Spalding et al. (eds) University of California Press, 2001; World Atlas of Coral Reefs, 2001. [ISBN:0520232550]

Seamounts: Seamounts Online: http://seamounts.sdsc.edu/

Japan: Wetlands: http://www.sizenken.biodic.go.jp/pc/wet_en/map.html

Pacific, Protected areas; http://www.pbif.org/

RAMSAR sites: http://www.ramsar.org/cda/en/ramsar-documents-list/main/ramsar/1-31-218_4000_0__

Bangladesh/Inida enclaves: B.R. Whyte, 2002, Waiting for the Esquimo, Melbourne. [ISBN:0734022085]

North Korea: libweb.uoregon.edu/ec/e-asia/read/northkorgaz.pdf

South Africa: Reservoirs & dams: http://www.dwaf.gov.za/iwqs/gis_apps/dam/dams/index.htm

UK Cumbria: http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/

Scotland: Islands: Haswell-Smith (1996) "Scottish Islands". Edinburgh. [ISBN:0862415799]

Canada Census Divisions: http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/Statcan/92F0149X/92F0149XIB-e.html

General: Maps: UN Map Library: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/maplib/maplib.htm

Scotland: Shetland. Shetlopedia: http://shetlopedia.com/Main_Page

East Himalayas: East Himalaya Gazetteer: http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/nepal/ehgaz/index.html

used quite extensively and I wish to acknowledge, with thanks, the following (which is not exhaustive):

the most used are the pages of Wikipedia, which seem to be quite accurate in this domain. Thanks to all