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asthma

^ http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0000270


A bronchial disease that is characterized by chronic inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors resulting in recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound while breathing), chest tightness, shortness of breath, mucus production and coughing. The symptoms appear due to a variety of triggers such as allergens, irritants, respiratory infections, weather changes, excercise, stress, reflux disease, medications, foods and emotional anxiety.

A chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways.

A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).

Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.

Synonyms: Asthma unspecified, Exercise-induced asthma, Exercise-induced asthma (disorder), Asthma, Bronchial, Asthma, unspecified type, without mention of status asthmaticus, chronic obstructive asthma with acute exacerbation, Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust NOS (disorder), Bronchial Hyperreactivities, BHR - Bronchial hyperreactivity, Asthmas, Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust, Hyperreactivity, Bronchial, Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust (disorder), Hyperreactive airways disease, Asthma NOS (disorder), Asthma, unspecified, Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust NOS, chronic obstructive asthma, Bronchial hyperreactivity, Airway hyperreactivity, Exercise induced asthma, Other forms of asthma, Bronchial asthma, ASTHMA NOS W (AC) EXAC, Hyperreactivities, Bronchial, Asthmatic, Asthma, unspecified type, with acute exacerbation, Asthma unspecified (disorder), Asthma NOS, Bronchial hyperresponsiveness, Pneumonopathy due to inhalation of other dust, chronic obstructive asthma with status asthmaticus, Bronchial hypersensitivity, DUST PNEUMONOPATHY NEC, Hyperreactive airway disease, Asthma (disorder)

Term info

OMIM definition citation

OMIM:611064, OMIM:600807, OMIM:611960, OMIM:607277, OMIM:608584

SNOMEDCT definition citation

SNOMEDCT:195967001

bioportal provenance

Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust (disorder)[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:196013003][accessDate: 05-04-2011], chronic obstructive asthma with status asthmaticus[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], A chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways.[accessedResource: NCIt:C28397][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.[accessedResource: MSH:D016535][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust NOS[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:196015005][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthmatic[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma, unspecified type, with acute exacerbation[accessedResource: ICD9:493.92][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Exercise induced asthma[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Hyperreactivities, Bronchial[accessedResource: MSH:D016535][accessDate: 05-04-2011], DUST PNEUMONOPATHY NEC[accessedResource: ICD9:504][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Hyperreactive airway disease[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Pneumonopathy due to inhalation of other dust[accessedResource: ICD9:504][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Hyperreactivity, Bronchial[accessedResource: MSH:D016535][accessDate: 05-04-2011], chronic obstructive asthma with acute exacerbation[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], BHR - Bronchial hyperreactivity[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Exercise-induced asthma (disorder)[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthmas[accessedResource: MSH:D001249][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma, unspecified[accessedResource: ICD9:493.9][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma, unspecified type, without mention of status asthmaticus[accessedResource: ICD9:493.90][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Bronchial Hyperreactivity[accessedResource: MSH:D016535][accessDate: 05-04-2011], A bronchial disease that is characterized by chronic inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors resulting in recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound while breathing), chest tightness, shortness of breath, mucus production and coughing. The symptoms appear due to a variety of triggers such as allergens, irritants, respiratory infections, weather changes, excercise, stress, reflux disease, medications, foods and emotional anxiety.[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Hyperreactive airways disease[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195979001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Airway hyperreactivity[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:196013003][accessDate: 05-04-2011], ASTHMA NOS W (AC) EXAC[accessedResource: ICD9:493.92][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma, Bronchial[accessedResource: MSH:D001249][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Bronchial hypersensitivity[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma NOS[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:266365004][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Other forms of asthma[accessedResource: ICD9:493.8][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma unspecified (disorder)[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195979001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust NOS (disorder)[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:196015005][accessDate: 05-04-2011], chronic obstructive asthma[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Bronchial Hyperreactivities[accessedResource: MSH:D016535][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma NOS (disorder)[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:266365004][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Bronchial hyperresponsiveness[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma (disorder)[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195967001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], exercise-induced asthma[accessedResource: DOID:2841][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Bronchial Asthma[accessedResource: MSH:D001249][accessDate: 05-04-2011], Asthma unspecified[accessedResource: SNOMEDCT:195979001][accessDate: 05-04-2011], A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).[accessedResource: MSH:D001249][accessDate: 05-04-2011]

gwas trait

true

term editor

Tomasz Adamusiak, James Malone

Term relations

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