A non-neuronal cell of the nervous system. Glial cells have diverse roles, including in regulation of neuronal survival and differentiation, maintenance of ion and neurotransmitter concentrations in the neuronal environment, synapse formation, and support of synaptic interactions and electrical signal propagation. [ NCI ]
Synonyms: Glial Cell glial cell neuroglia Neuroglia Glial Cells Neuroglial Cells Glia Neuroglial Cell Kolliker Reticulum
Any of the cells that hold nerve cells in place and help them work the way they should. The types of neuroglia include oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia, and ependymal cells.