JSON

cardiac muscle cell

^ http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_0000746


Cardiac muscle cells are striated muscle cells that are responsible for heart contraction. In mammals, the contractile fiber resembles those of skeletal muscle but are only one third as large in diameter, are richer in sarcoplasm, and contain centrally located instead of peripheral nuclei. [ GOC:tfm https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=bn%3A0323052908 GOC:mtg_cardiacconduct_nov11 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4711263 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22426062 ]

Synonyms: cardiomyocyte, cardiac muscle fiber, cardiac myocyte, heart muscle cell

Term info

database cross reference
comment

This class encompasses the muscle cells responsible for heart* contraction in both vertebrates and arthropods. The ultrastucture of a wide range of arthropod heart cells has been examined including spiders, horseshoe crabs, crustaceans (see Sherman, 1973 and refs therein) and insects (see Lehmacher et al (2012) and refs therein). According to these refs, the cells participating in heart contraction in all cases are transversely striated. Insects hearts additionally contain ostial cells, also transversely striated muscle cells, but which do not participate in heart contraction.

has alternative id

FMA:83808

has broad synonym

cardiocyte